Rapid HIV Screening at the Point of Care: Legal and Ethical Questions

Rapid HIV Screening at the Point of Care: Legal and Ethical Questions
The report:

  • explains rapid HIV testing technologies;
  • describes the status of rapid HIV test kits in Canada;
  • presents an overview of the Canadian regulatory framework applicable to the approval and use of rapid test kits;
  • provides a comprehensive evaluation of the potential benefits of making rapid HIV testing at the point of care available in Canada;
  • discusses some of the concerns raised by point-of-care use of rapid HIV screening tests, including potential misuses;
  • considers how, in light of the potential benefits and the concerns raised, rapid HIV screening tests should be regulated; and
  • presents conclusions and recommendations regarding the use of rapid tests in Canada, directed to federal and provincial/territorial policymakers, health-care professionals, professional associations and regulatory bodies of health-care professionals, and those providing HIV testing and counseling and working in the field of public health.

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