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“Just Say Nyet” to Russia’s Drug Policy

“In anticipation of UNGASS 2016, Russia is creating international alliances to promote its vision of drug demand and drug supply reduction, with a view to having ‘a unified position at the 2016 UNGASS.’ These include the International Congress of Drug-Free Organizations and the Russian-African Anti-Drug Dialogue. Countries that Russia approaches for participating in these or […]

 

A Helping Hand: Legal Issues Related to Assisted Injection at Supervised Injection Facilities

According to the current legal framework and professional guidelines in Canada, safe injection facility (SIF) staff cannot assist clients in the administration of their drugs and SIF clients cannot help each other inject. However, recent evaluations show that the HIV prevalence rate for people who require assistance when injecting illegal drugs is double that of […]

A Human Rights-based Commentary on UNAIDS Guidance Note: HIV and Sex Work (April 2007)

The April 2007 UNAIDS Guidance Note: HIV and Sex Work (“the Guidance Note”) is inconsistent with previous UN statements on the central importance of respecting, protecting and fulfilling the rights of sex workers in programs and policies related to sex work and HIV. The Guidance Note fails to consider seriously the precarious human rights situation […]

A Plan of Action for Canada to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination

This report presents a plan of action for Canada to prevent, reduce, and eliminate stigma and discrimination in the context of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The plan of action covers five broad areas: participation of people living with HIV/AIDS and vulnerable to HIV tackling attitudes advocating for rights accessing programs, services, accommodation, and employment strengthening research […]

A human rights analysis of the N’Djamena model legislation on AIDS and HIV-specific legislation in Benin, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone and Togo

This paper analyses the recent HIV-specific legislation of seven Central and West African countries from the perspective of human rights. These seven laws (the “laws under consideration”) are: the “Law on prevention, care and control of HIV/AIDS” (No. 2005-31 of 5 April 2006) in Benin; the “Law on prevention, care and control of HIV/AIDS” (No. […]

A long way from there to here: human rights approaches to HIV/AIDS in a local setting – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(1)

In this article, Peris Jones and Farhana Zuberi summarize findings from a recently completed research project, the Tswelopele study, in South Africa. The study documented human rights violations in three areas: privacy and disclosure; informed consent and HIV testing; and access to health-care services.The article describes these violations and explores why discrimination still occurs at […]

A tale of two cases: urging caution in the prosecution of HIV non-disclosure – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(3)

Two provincial Courts of Appeal have recently released unanimous decisions that clarify the law regarding the obligation imposed upon people living with HIV to disclose their HIV status prior to sexual relations. The decision of the Manitoba Court of Appeal in R v. Mabior and of the Quebec Court of Appeal in R c. D.C. […]

ACTION = LIFE: Call for an Immediate Response to National Crisis of Opioid Overdose Deaths

Canada is experiencing an overwhelming opioid overdose crisis. Over the past several years Canada has seen an alarming increase in reported opioid-related fatalities and injuries. Overdose deaths are preventable if the right measures are taken. As we approach International Overdose Awareness Day, held on August 31, the undersigned organizations call on you, as the Prime […]

AIDS and public security: the other side of the coin – The Lancet commentary

People who are particularly vulnerable to HIV are in many countries the first to be targeted by counterterrorism and security measures, says Executive Director Joanne Csete in this commentary published in The Lancet on March 3, 2007.

AIDS, drugs, and terrorism: do I have your attention? – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(1)

“[T]he countries that espouse rights-based approaches to HIV/AIDS — and the United Nations, which is the original “rights-based approach to HIV/AIDS” flag-waver — need to make a bold move to show that human rights is not only about women and children and other sympathetic people not tarred by the great government-generated lies of the late […]

Aboriginal People and HIV/AIDS: Legal Issues

This is a series of nine info sheets: Issues Discrimination Human Rights Law Dealing with Discrimination Jurisdictional Barriers Health Care Confidentiality HIV Testing Access to HIV Testing

Access to Medicines and Intellectual Property: An International Expert Meeting on Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime, Global Developments, and New Strategies for Improving Access

From 19 – 21 April 2007, in Ottawa, Canada, the North-South Institute and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network jointly organized an international expert meeting to discuss Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime, broader global developments related to intellectual property (IP) and access to medicines, and alternative approaches for addressing the global deficit in both research into […]

Access to condoms in U.S. prisons – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(1)

Despite overwhelming evidence that condom use prevents the transmission of HIV, U.S. prison officials continue to limit the availability of condoms to incarcerated persons. Concern for transmission of HIV in prison and in the community upon prisoners’ release has increased the interest of some policymakers in the issue. In this article, Megan McLemore addresses security […]

Accessibility of HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care Services for People who Use Drugs and Incarcerated People in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: Legislative and Policy Analysis and Recommendations for Reform

This report analyses national programmes on HIV and drug control, administrative and criminal laws, and relevant governmental decrees and ministerial orders which were in effect in 2007-2009 in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This report presents recommendations to governments for legislative and policy reform aimed at strengthening the national response to the HIV […]

Action Required: five key HIV-related issues facing Canada’s federal government

It is time for Canada to re-commit to the global project of ending HIV, including by basing our response on sound scientific evidence and fundamental human rights principles.

Action on HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Too Little, Too Late

This info sheet summarizes the main findings of a November 2002 report by the Legal Network, entitled “Action on HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Too Little, Too Late — A Report Card”

Action on HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Too Little, Too Late – A Report Card

In 2002, over five years after the release of the “HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Final Report” (see Related Publications, below) and 10 years after Correctional Service Canada created the Expert Committee on AIDS and Prisons, it is time to assess whether the call for action made in the Final Report has been heard, and to document […]

Action on HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Too Little, Too Late — A Report Card

In 2002, over five years after the release of the “HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Final Report” (see Related Publications, below) and 10 years after Correctional Service Canada created the Expert Committee on AIDS and Prisons, it is time to assess whether the call for action made in the Final Report has been heard, and to document […]

Address to a panel discussion at the United Nations 2006 High-Level Meeting on AIDS

“We struggle to know the shape of an effective and sustainable response to HIV/AIDS. It is perhaps simpleminded, but still, I think, crucial to suggest that we cannot succeed in fi nding an effective response if our analyses of HIV/AIDS are separate or abstract from the real-life situations of those who stand most directly in […]

Addressing HIV Risk Behaviours: A Role for Public Health Legislation and Policy

This document explores the role of public health law, including coercive interventions, in addressing behaviours that carry a significant risk of transmitting HIV.

Adrift from the moorings of good public policy: Ignoring evidence and human rights – International Journal of Drug Policy 19 (2008)

The approach of Canada’s Government to Insite, North America’s first safer injecting facility, is one manifestation of what appears to be the government’s broader hostility to both evidence and human rights in public policy, at least insofar as that policy involves the health of people who use illicit drugs. A number of observations are warranted […]

Advocating for Care & Treatment for Prisoners – Presentation at the Canadian HIV/AIDS Skills-building Symposium 2005

After Cuerrier: Canadian Criminal Law and the Non-Disclosure of HIV-Positive Status

The Report provides an overview of the Cuerrier decision. Based on the judgment, the Report then attempts to provide some answers (where possible) as to when an HIV-positive person may risk criminal prosecution if they do not disclose their status, looking at the possibility of HIV transmission through sexual activity, transmission through sharing drug injection […]

Alternative Report to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on Kazakhstan’s initial report on the implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Re: Drug Use, HIV, Overdose and Harm Reduction: Articles 2, 12 and 15.1.b People who use illicit drugs are vulnerable to a wide range of negative health consequences as a result of that use …. In addition to the health risks related to HIV and hepatitis C infections, opiate overdose has been reported as the […]

An Ethical Analysis of the Mandatory Exclusion of Refugees and Immigrants Who Test HIV-Positive

Canadian law does not explicitly bar immigrants because they are HIV-positive. But Canadian law does, in theory, authorize the exclusion of prospective immigrants who are HIV-positive, either because they pose a threat to public health or because their care and support would consume too many resources. Canadian immigration policy, in practice, currently recognizes that HIV […]

An Injection of Reason: Critical Analysis of the Respect for Communities Act (Q&A)

The Respect for Communities Act undermines the rights of people who use drugs to access life-saving and health-protecting services. Read more about supervised consumption services in Canada and internationally, and their positive impact on individuals and communities. Related Publications Respect for Communities Act: The Case for Repeal

An Injection of Reason: Critical Analysis of Bill C-2

Bill C-2 (An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act) undermines the rights of people who use drugs to access lifesaving and health-protecting services. 

An open letter to the foreign participants of the 5th Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS Conference

“We, activists and representatives of the key populations affected by HIV and non-governmental organizations working in the field of combating the HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) and other countries, with this open letter would like to express our concern in anticipation of your expected participation in the 5th Eastern Europe and […]

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Annual Report 1999-2000

Annual Report 2000-2001

Annual Report 2001-2002

Annual Report 2002-2003

Annual Report 2003-2004

Annual Report 2004-2005

Annual Report 2005-2006

Annual Report 2006-2007

Annual Report 2007-2008

Annual Report 2008-2009

Annual Report 2009-2010

Annual Report 2010-2011

Annual Report 2011-2012

Annual Report 2012–2013

Our latest annual report highlights our work between April 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013.

Appeal to UN Special Procedures re: Homophobic and transphobic violence in Jamaica

The undersigned non-governmental organizations appeal to the Special Procedures mandate-holders to take the following actions: Hold the Jamaican Government accountable for failing to take steps to address homophobia and to comply with its obligations under international law to promote and protect the human rights of all, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. Issue a […]

Appeal to UN Special Procedures re: Recent surge in homophobic and transphobic violence worldwide

The undersigned non-governmental organizations appeal to the Special Procedures mandate-holders to take the following actions: Issue a joint public statement calling on the United Nations Human Rights Council to openly condemn all killings based on sexual orientation and gender identity; Hold States accountable for failing to take steps to address homophobia and transphobia and to […]

Atmospheric Pressure: Russian Drug Policy as a Driver for Violations of the UN Convention against Torture

Shadow Report to the UN Committee against Torture in relation to the review of the Fifth Periodic Report of the Russian Federation. This report considers facts, reasons for and conditions for mistreatment of drug users in Russia.   Related Publications «АТМОСФЕРНОЕ ДАВЛЕНИЕ»: Наркополитика России как фактор нарушений Конвенции ООН против пыток  (Russian version)

Avoiding the injection invective – Ottawa Citizen commentary

In order to minimize the problem, argues Joanne Csete, African nations must refuse to submit to the knee-jerk response to demonize drug users.

 

Barriers to Harm Reduction: Legal issues related to assisted injection at safe injection facilities – Poster at the XVI International AIDS Conference

Bedford v. Canada: a paradigmatic case toward ensuring the human and health rights of sex workers – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(3)

The Criminal Code of Canada prohibits certain aspects of sex work: the keeping of a common bawdy-house, living off the avails of prostitution and communicating for the purposes of prostitution in a public place. These legal constraints impede sex workers’ ability to practise their profession safely and without risk to their bodily integrity; they also […]

Bill C-15: Mandatory minimum sentences for drug offences – An open letter to the federal Ministers of Justice and Health

“As front-line organizations, researchers and experts who work with people who use drugs, we are writing to express our opposition to Bill C-15, an Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts.”

Bill C-393 in the Senate: Amendments to the Patent Act (March 2011)

Bill C-393 passed with a large majority of votes in the House of Commons in Parliament on March 9, 2011 and is now before the Senate of Canada. Bill C-393 would make a number of changes to the sections of the Patent Act that currently constitute Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR). The text below […]

Bill C-393: Key features and compliance with Canada’s WTO obligations (March 2011)

It has been incorrectly suggested that Bill C-393’s “one-licence solution” does not comply with Canada’s WTO obligations. Complementing the Legal Network’s earlier brief, this document outlines in summary form the key issues and the provisions of WTO law that permit Canada to simplify the current CAMR as proposed by Bill C-393, while complying with its […]

Bill C-393: Key features and compliance with Canada’s WTO obligations (October 2010)

Complementing the Legal Network’s earlier brief, this document outlines in summary form the key issues and the provisions of WTO law that permit Canada to simplify the current CAMR as proposed by Bill C-393, while complying with its legal obligations as at WTO Member, and in some instances, making CAMR even more consistent with TRIPS […]

Bill C-398 to fix Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR): How does this new bill differ from previous Bill C-393?

Bill S-232: Key features and compliance with Canada’s WTO obligations – Supplementary submission to Senate Standing Committee on Banking, Trade and Commerce

Complementing the Legal Network’s earlier detailed legal analysis of Bill S-232’s proposed reforms to Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR), this supplementary submission outlines in summary form the key issues and the provisions of WTO law that permit Canada to simplify the current CAMR as proposed by Bill S-232, while complying with its legal obligations […]

Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on International Trade on the Trans-Pacific Partnership

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network welcomes this opportunity to provide submissions to the House of Commons Standing Committee on International Trade on the subject of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).” In the brief The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Trading Away Access to Affordable Medicines, we “set out […] a number of specific concerns about how provisions in the TPP will […]

Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights – Bill C-217 (“Blood Samples Act”)

The Legal Network supports measures to prevent the spread of HIV, including for workers such as police officers, firefighters, and health care workers and good Samaritans. The Legal Network also supports access to quality HIV testing and counselling, and access to care, treatment and support, for those who may be exposed to the risk of […]

Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding its study of Bill C-36, the Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act

“We appreciate the opportunity to comment on the study of the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-36, the Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act and to draw the Committee’s attention to certain elements which are particularly relevant from the perspective of health and human rights.”

Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security regarding its study of Bill C-39

This submission draws the Committee’s attention to certain elements of Bill C-39 (An Act to Amend the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts) which are relevant from the perspective of human rights and public health.

Brief to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs regarding Bill C-36, the Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act

This brief compares the Criminal Code provisions proposed by Bill C-36 against the Criminal Code provisions struck down by the Supreme Court of Canada in R v. Bedford. It explains how the new law, if enacted, will replicate the effects of the old law on the security of sex workers and, as such, reproduce the harms the Supreme Court of […]

Brief to the Standing Committee on Social Policy Regarding Bill 96, the Anti-Human Trafficking Act 2017

We urge the Standing Committee on Social Policy to uphold the human rights of sex workers by rejecting Bill 96, the Anti-Human Trafficking Act 2017, as it does not help end trafficking but endangers the safety and security of vulnerable people, particularly migrant sex workers.

Brief to the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights regarding its study on human rights of prisoners in the correctional system

The public health and human rights rationale for prison-based needle and syringe programs  Programs that ensure access to sterile injecting equipment are an important component of a comprehensive approach to reducing the vulnerability of prisoners to HIV and HCV infection.

Brief to the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, in relation to the Committee’s study on Bill C-10

Brief presented in February 2012 to the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, in relation to the Committee’s study on Bill C-10, An Act to enact the Justice for Victims of Terrorism Act and to amend the State Immunity Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts.

Brief to the Toronto Board of Health regarding Supervised Injection Services in Toronto

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, HALCO and ARCH appreciate the opportunity to comment on the (March 7, 2016) Report from the Medical Officer of Health to the Toronto Board of Health on the integration of supervised injection services into existing clinical health services and to draw the Board’s attention to certain elements which are particularly […]

Brief to the Toronto Board of Health regarding Supervised Injection Services in Toronto

A comment on the Toronto Board of Health’s study of supervised injection services, drawing the Board’s attention to certain elements which are particularly relevant from the perspective of public health and human rights, including relevant Canadian and international law and practice.

Briefing to the High-level Working Group on Health and Human Rights of Women, Children and Adolescents

“The Legal Network submits this briefing to the World Health Organization’s High-Level Working Group of Health and Human Rights of Women, Children and Adolescents in order to provide inputs on the following areas of concern: (i) the rights of women living with HIV; (ii) the rights of women, children and adolescents who use drugs; (iii) […]

British Columbia’s “seek and treat” strategy: a cautionary tale on privacy rights and informed consent for HIV testing – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16

This article discusses of the human rights and ethical implications of treatment as prevention; the author looks to British Columbia, where the provincial government has provided funding for a large-scale “seek and treat” pilot project aimed at patients and health care providers. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16 – May 2012

 

Canada Can’t Wait: The Time for Prison-Based Needle and Syringe Programs Is Now

“We, the undersigned, represent many different communities and interests. But today we speak with one voice, firmly committed to health and human rights, in support of desperately needed prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs) in Canada. The time for PNSPs is now. In Canada, people in prison face far greater risk of HIV and hepatitis […]

Canada v Bedford (Supreme Court of Canada) — Factum of the interveners HIV Coalition

In the Supreme Court of Canada (on Appeal from the Court of Appeal for Ontario) between: ATTORNEY GENERAL OF CANADA ATTORNEY GENERAL OF ONTARIO Appellants (Respondents on Cross-Appeal) and TERRI JEAN BEDFORD, AMY LEBOVITCH AND VALERIE SCOTT Respondents (Appellants on Cross-Appeal) and ATTORNEY GENERAL OF QUEBEC ATTORNEY GENERAL OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Interveners Factum of the […]

Canada’s 2003 renewed drug strategy – an evidence-based review – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 11(2/3)

In this feature article, Kora DeBeck, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner and Thomas Kerr report on a study that examined expenditures and activities related to the Drug Strategy as renewed in 2003. The article reviews the effectiveness of the Strategy in light of current scientific evidence pertaining to the reduction of drug-related harm. The authors find […]

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – Update: 7 May 2008

The Government of Rwanda chooses to purchase a generic fixed-dose combination AIDS drug from Toronto-based generic pharmaceutical manufacturer Apotex, Inc., clearing the last major hurdle to the first use of “Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime”, and the first use anywhere of the August 30, 2003 decision of the General Council of the World Trade Organization […]

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime: An open letter to Canada’s Parliamentarians from concerned Canadians

“We write to urge you to support legislation that will make it easier to send life-saving medicine to developing countries and, in the process, reaffirm Canada’s history of commitment to helping our fellow citizens of the world.”

Canada’s HIV Vaccine Initiative: An open letter from Canadian organizations fighting HIV/AIDS

“We are people living with HIV, researchers, service-providers and community organizations working to prevent the spread of HIV and ensure care, treatment and support for those living with HIV, here at home and abroad. We call on you to ensure that these funds will remain committed to strengthening the response to HIV, and to ensure […]

Canada’s Law on Compulsory Licensing for Export – Update: 3 December 2009

On the evening of December 2, 2009, in a victory for treatment activists, Canada’s House of Commons voted narrowly (143 in favour, 127 against) to move forward with a private member’s bill that would streamline “Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime” (CAMR), the law originally passed in 2004 to implement the WTO General Council Decision of […]

Canada: Drug policy and economic, social, and cultural rights — Submission to the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

“Canada is a party to the three main UN drug control conventions, which aim to control illicit drugs by reducing supply and demand, in particular through requiring States Parties to adopt varying degrees of prohibitions and sanctions on a range of designated controlled substances, while also providing some degree of (often contested) flexibility for States […]

Canada: Fulfill Your Commitment to Increase Access to Medicines

Canada’s 2003 renewed drug strategy — an evidence-based review — HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 11(2/3)

About three-quarters of the resources of Canada’s Drug Strategy are directed towards enforcement-related efforts, despite a lack of scientific evidence to support this approach and little, if any, evaluation of the impacts of this investment. In this feature article, the authors report on a study that examined expenditures and activities related to the Drug Strategy […]

Canadian Court of Appeal upholds supervised injection site’s right to operate – International Yearbook on Human Rights and Drug Policy, Vol. 1, 2010

Case Summary: PHS Community Services Society v. Canada (Attorney General), 2010 BCCA 15 (B.C. Court of Appeal) On 15 January 2010, the British Columbia Court of Appeal, the province’s highest appellate court, held that Insite, North America’s first supervised injection facilty, was a provincial undertaking that did not undermine the federal goals of protecting health […]

Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network in the Caribbean

Why the Caribbean? And why LGBTI human rights? As a region, the Caribbean has the second-highest HIV prevalence rate in the world, after sub-Saharan Africa. UNAIDS and regional and national agencies have identified homophobia as a factor contributing to this troubling statistic. In numerous countries, particularly the Commonwealth Caribbean, the criminalization of consensual same-sex relationships […]

Cannabis Regulation and the UN Drug Treaties: Strategies for reform

As jurisdictions enact reforms creating legal access to cannabis for purposes other than exclusively “medical and scientific,” tensions surrounding the existing UN drug treaties and evolving law and practice in Member States continue to grow. How might governments and the UN system address these growing tensions in ways that acknowledge the policy shifts underway and […]

Cannabis policy

By any measure, cannabis prohibition in Canada has failed to meet the stated objective of reducing demand. Despite extensive enforcement efforts, cannabis remains the most frequently used illegal drug in Canada; among youth, it is the second-most-used psychoactive substance, after alcohol. Compared to other jurisdictions, rates of use among Canadian youth are high, and a significant illegal market in cannabis production and […]

Case Information Sheet: Kurmanayevskiy et al. v. Russia

Unsafe injecting drug use is a primary driver of HIV infection in Russia. The inability of current or former injecting drug users to access prevention and treatment services is compounded by the highly punitive measures meted out by law enforcement, including frequent arrest and incarceration. These trying circumstances led three brave individuals to pursue access […]

Case Studies: Human rights-based approaches to HIV/AIDS

This is a series of case studies outlining how laws and policies dealing with various aspects of HIV/AIDS can and should be based on human rights laws and principles. Criminalization of sex work(ers): The human rights case for law reform Pregnancy and HIV testing policy: The need to respect and protect human rights HIV prevention […]

Civil Society Perspectives on Canada’s Global Engagement on HIV and AIDS

The Interagency Coalition on AIDS and Development (ICAD), the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, and the Canadian Working Group on HIV and Rehabilitation (CWGHR) led a consultative process to gather civil society perspectives on Canada’s global engagement on HIV and AIDS. This document is based on the findings from two sets of key informant interviews, a […]

Civil Society Statement to the National Opioid Summit

Canada is in the midst of an opioid overdose crisis. This statement outlines concerns that civil society organizations have about the emerging federal, provincial and territorial response to this crisis and proposes a collaborative way forward to end the crisis.  

Civil Society letter to Canadian Senate re: support of Bill C-279: An Act to Amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (Gender Identity)

“The following organizations, representing a broad cross section of civil society groups from across Canada, urge the Senate to pass Bill C-279, the Gender Identity Bill, as drafted and without delay, to ensure that the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Canadian Criminal Code protect the human rights of all people in Canada.”

Civil society letter to members of the World Trade Organization re: a further extension of the transition period for Least Developed Countries under article 66.1 of the TRIPS agreement

“As civil society organisations concerned with access to medicines, to educational resources, to environmentally sound technologies, and to other public goods and cultural creations and further concerned with farmers’ rights, food security, human flourishing, sustainable and equitable technological and industrial development in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), we call on WTO Members to unconditionally accord the […]

Clean Switch: The Case for Prison Needle and Syringe Programs in Canada

Harm reduction measures aimed at preventing HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in prisons are neither new nor groundbreaking in Canada. Prison systems have implemented, to varying degrees, forms of harm reduction such as condoms, bleach and methadone maintenance treatment. However, as of September 2008, no Canadian jurisdiction had established a prison-based needle and […]

Clean switch: the case for prison needle and syringe programs – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(2)

Harm reduction measures aimed at preventing HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission in prisons are neither new nor groundbreaking in Canada. Prison systems have implemented, to varying degrees, forms of harm reduction such as condoms, bleach and methadone maintenance treatment. However, as of September 2008, no Canadian jurisdiction had established a prison-based needle and […]

Closed to Reason: The International Narcotics Control Board and HIV/AIDS

Nearly one in three HIV infections outside Africa is among people who inject drugs. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) could and should be playing a key role in stopping this injection-driven HIV epidemic — but it’s not. Instead, the Board — a 13-person, ostensibly independent body that does not speak for the United Nations […]

Closed to reason: time for accountability for the International Narcotic Control Board – Commentary in Harm Reduction Journal, 2007, 4:13

“For more than two decades, the International Narcotic Control Board (INCB) has tried to stop harm reduction and its HIV prevention programs. This posture is based on a fundamental misunderstanding of their responsibilities and of drug addiction itself — i.e. as a public health and clinical care matter made criminal by decree. A recent focal […]

Closing prison tattoo parlours can only cause infectious diseases to spread beyond jails – Toronto Star commentary

Safer tattooing programs should be implemented in all prisons in Canada, says Director of Communications Leon Mar in this World AIDS Day op-ed, published in the Toronto Star on December 1, 2006.

Collective Statement: Street sex workers and our allies stand up for full decriminalization of our lives

Collective response re: Bill C-15 on Mandatory Minimum Sentences – Organizations and Experts Across the Country Decry a Damaging Step in the Wrong Direction

“As front-line organizations, researchers and experts who work with people who use drugs, we are opposed to Bill C-15, an Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts.”

Comision De Derechos Humanos Sesión sexagésima primera Tema 6 de la agenda provisional

Comments on the Report of the Law Commission of Malawi on the Development of HIV and AIDS Legislation

“Enclosed are comments on the December 2008 Report of the Law Commission on the Development of HIV and AIDS Legislation. The Legal Network appreciates the opportunity to submit comments to the Legal Affairs Committee on this Report. We hope that our comments will assist the Committee in its work finalizing the HIV and AIDS (Prevention […]

Commonwealth HIV and AIDS Action Group letter re murder of David Kato, gay human rights activist in Uganda

Compendium of Federal and Provincial Corrections Law

The laws and policies cited in this document were accessed on 11 October 2005. However, some laws may not have been up-to-date as of that day, depending on whether the source consulted was updated. The link to each source is included in this document and should be consulted to determine the currency of the information. […]

Complementary Alternative Healthcare and HIV/AIDS

This is a series of five info sheets: What is CAM [complementary and alternative medicine]? Who Uses it and Why? Ethical Issues and the Use of CAM Natural Health Products: Regulatory Issues Regulating CAM Practices and Practitioners Key Resources Related Publications Complementary Alternative Healthcare and HIV/AIDS: Legal, Ethical and Policy Issues in Regulation

Complementary Alternative Healthcare and HIV/AIDS: Legal, Ethical and Policy Issues in Regulation

The paper: discusses the difficulties in defining the precise scope of the field of complementary and/or alternative medicine; reviews the available evidence regarding the use of CAM by Canadians generally; reviews the available evidence regarding the use of CAM by people with HIV/AIDS, identifying some of the key conclusions to be drawn regarding the prevalence […]

Compulsory Drug Treatment in Thailand: Observations on the Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act B.E. 2545 (2002)

This paper has two main objectives. The first objective is to provide a general overview of Thailand’s Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act, B.E. 2545 (2002) (“the Act”) and the system of diversion into compulsory drug treatment that the Act has established. The second objective of this paper is to offer some preliminary observations on the implementation […]

Concerns from the health community regarding proposed next steps in the TPP11

Canada continues to engage in discussions about reviving the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), even though the US has now withdrawn. The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network has joined with other civil society organizations to release an open letter to the governments of the remaining TPP countries, calling on them to abandon the TPP in its current form.

Consent: Community engagement discussion guide

This Discussion Guide was created for people who want to use the film Consent: HIV non-disclosure and sexual assault law to engage colleagues, clients, students and communities on the use of sexual assault law to criminalize HIV non-disclosure in Canada. It is meant to be used as a companion piece to the film. To watch Consent online, […]

Constitutional challenge to Jamaica’s anti-sodomy law: Questions & Answers

Jamaican human rights activist Maurice Tomlinson has filed a claim in the Jamaican Supreme Court of Judicature, challenging the country’s laws criminalizing “buggery” and other consensual sex between men as violating numerous rights guaranteed in Jamaica’s constitution. This backgrounder answers some key questions related to this constitutional challenge. Related news release: Jamaican Gay Activist Launches Constitutional […]

Controlling Drug Costs for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Federal Regulation of Pharmaceutical Prices in Canada

The paper: highlights the significance of policy on pharmaceutical pricing, given increasing costs and spending on medicines as part of overall healthcare spending in Canada; identifies recent developments that are important because they inform current debates in Canada over regulating drug prices, or our policies in general relating to pharmaceuticals; outlines current federal law and […]

Courting Rights: Case Studies in Litigating the Human Rights of People Living with HIV

This publication summarizes selected cases in three thematic areas where there has been considerable litigation aimed at protecting and promoting the human rights of people living with HIV, namely: HIV-related discrimination; access to HIV-related treatment; and HIV prevention and care in prisons. This publication has been produced by HIV and human rights advocates and activists […]

Criminal Law & HIV Non-Disclosure in Canada

This is a series of three info sheets on the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada: The obligation to disclose HIV-positive status under Canadian criminal law The criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada and internationally Criminalization, public policy and community responses

Criminal Law and HIV Non-Disclosure in Canada: Questions and Answers

Please note that the sections of this document that describe the current state of the criminal law as it relates to HIV non-disclosure do not take into account the recent Supreme Court of Canada decisions in R. v. Mabior and R. v. D.C. We are presently working to update all our resources in accordance with […]

Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: Final Report

The Final Report and its appendices review the cases of criminal prosecution that have arisen in Canada; the academic commentary; policy recommendations from various groups and organizations; proposed amendments to the Criminal Code; and the comments on the Discussion Paper received at the National Workshop, at the XI International Conference on AIDS, and from other […]

Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: Strategic Considerations

The conference, “Putting Third First — Critical Legal Issues,” provided an opportunity for participants from both developing and developed countries to discuss in depth the criminalization, or proposed criminalization, of HIV in many jurisdictions. This paper attempts to provide an overview of the factors that should be taken into account by policy-makers, activists, lawyers and […]

Criminal Law, Public Health and HIV Transmission: A Policy Options Paper

To assist in the development of sound public policy, this paper, prepared for UNAIDS: proposes some principles that should guide thinking about, and development of, law and policy on the question of criminal law and HIV/AIDS; identifies a number of public policy considerations that states should take into account when making decisions about the use […]

Criminal prosecutions for HIV non-disclosure: two cases before the Supreme Court of Canada

Update: the Supreme Court of Canada’s February 2012 hearing of two appeals about when people living with HIV may be convicted of a crime for not disclosing their HIV status to sexual partners.

Criminalisation of sex work: A human rights crisis in Canada and beyond – Presentation

Criminalization confusion and concerns: the decade since the Cuerrier decision – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(1)

In 1998, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that a person living with HIV could be found guilty of aggravated assault if he or she did not disclose his or her HIV-positive status and exposed another person to a “significant risk” of HIV transmission. The notorious case — R. v. Cuerrier — involved an HIV-positive […]

Criminalization of HIV Non-Disclosure in Canada (webinar)

A series of 23 short videos on the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada, produced in July 2014 by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Cécile Kazatchkine, Senior Policy Analyst at the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, answers questions for people living with HIV about disclosure and the criminal law in Canada. We recommend that you watch […]

Criminalization of HIV transmission: poor public health policy – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(2)

In this article, which is based on a public lecture he gave at the 1st Annual Symposium on HIV, Law and Human Rights, held June 12 – 13, 2009 in Toronto, Canada, South African Constitutional Court Justice Edwin Cameron analyzes the surge in criminal prosecutions, discusses the role that stigma plays in these prosecutions and […]

Criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure: the context of francophone West and Central Africa – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(3)

Nations throughout the world are increasingly criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure. This trend, already very familiar to high-income countries such as Canada, the United States of America and some European nations, takes on a special meaning in Africa, where several national HIV/AIDS laws make HIV transmission or exposure a crime. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy & […]

 

Dangerously Out of Step: The International Narcotics Control Board and HIV/AIDS – Global AIDSLink

This article, published in Global AIDSLink #105, September–October 2007, is based on the report, Closed to Reason: The International Narcotics Control Board and HIV/AIDS.

Deadly disregard: government refusal to implement evidence-based measures to prevent HIV and hepatitis C virus infections in prisons – Canadian Medical Association Journal 177(3) July 2007

Given the extensive evidence of known risks and successful responses to harm-reduction strategies, denying prisoners access to sterile injection or tattooing equipment infringes their human rights and raises questions about the legal liability of correctional systems.

Decriminalization of Prostitution to Reduce Sex Workers’ Vulnerability to HIV – Poster at the XVI International AIDS Conference

Delivering on the Pledge: Global Access to Medicines, WTO Rules, and Reforming Canada’s Law on Compulsory Licensing for Export – McGill International Journal of Sustainable Development Law & Policy

This article — published in the McGill International Journal of Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Volume 3, Issue 1 — outlines the relevance of WTO rules on intellectual property to the global inequity in access to medicines and reviews key developments at the WTO underlying such legislation. It discusses the key features, positive and negative, […]

Delivering on the Pledge: Reforming Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – GTAG submission to the Government of Canada

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) is failing to meet its goals. Most people living with HIV/AIDS continue to be denied life-saving treatment, in part due to the high costs of patented drugs. The need for affordable medicines is clear; and Canada must ensure that the CAMR fulfills its humanitarian goals.

Delivering on the pledge, treating the most vulnerable: Ensuring affordable AIDS drugs for children in the developing world by streamlining Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime

Almost five years ago, Canada responded to the urgent need for medicines in many developing countries by creating “Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime”, with the goal of getting more affordable, generic medicines to patients in the developing world. Unfortunately, that laudable initiative was, and is, seriously flawed. But now there is a chance to fix […]

Delivery past due: global precedent set under Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(1)

In this article, Richard Elliott provides an overview of recent developments under Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR), and identifies key reforms needed to streamline the regime so that it can more easily be used to address public health problems in developing countries. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(1) July 2008

Dependent on Rights: Assessing Treatment of Drug Dependence from a Human Rights Perspective

All people have the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. For people who use addictive drugs, treatment for drug dependence is an essential element of this human right. But social attitudes toward, and criminalization of, people who use illegal drugs have apparently influenced the practice and policy […]

Developing guidance for HIV prosecutions: an example of harm reduction? – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(1)

In England and Wales, where prosecutions for reckless HIV transmission have been taking place since 2003, the HIV sector persuaded the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to consult on the production of Legal Guidance for CPS prosecutors and caseworkers in this area of law, as well as an accompanying Policy Statement. In this article, Yusef Azad […]

Disclosure of HIV Status After Cuerrier: Resources for Community Based AIDS Organizations

This resource guide is intended to provide concise, accurate information and practical tools so that people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) and community based AIDS organizations (CBAOs) can make informed and empowered choices about how to respond to the complex legal and ethical issues related to HIV disclosure.

Discrimination, HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal People (Second Edition)

The Discussion Paper examines issues raised for the Aboriginal community by HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, based on interviews with individuals working in the field of HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal people, and on research conducted by the author.

Distributing safer crack use kits in Canada: Questions and Answers

A number of public health departments and community organizations in Canada distribute safer crack use kits to people who use crack cocaine. The kits typically include mouthpieces, glass stems and screens, as well as condoms and referral information for other health and support services. This document outlines why such health programs are needed and answers […]

Do Not Cross: Policing and HIV Risk Faced by People Who Use Drugs

This paper reviews the research literature of relevance to Canada on the impact of law enforcement practices on HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment for people who use illegal drugs. We consider the impact of national and provincial/state laws and municipal bylaws or regulations, as well as the impact of policing at a local level. We […]

Don’t Trade Away Health: An Open Letter to the North American Leaders’ Summit

“As civil society organizations concerned about access to medicines, in your three countries and globally, we write to you in advance of your North American Leaders’ Summit in Ottawa on June 29.  The summit is an important opportunity to demonstrate human rights leadership—nationally, regionally and globally—in the Americas. “In February of this year, the United […]

Don’t Trade Away Health: Brief to Canada’s Minister of International Trade Regarding the Trans‐Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Access to Medicines

Billions of people around the world lack access to life‐saving medicines. While this is because of a number of synergistic causes, one critical factor is the prohibitively high cost of patent‐monopolized medications. Provisions currently being negotiated for the Trans‐Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP) risk exacerbating this situation, which for many is a matter of life and […]

Drug Use and HIV/AIDS in Thailand

 A series of six info sheets on legal and ethical issues related to drug use and HIV/AIDS in Thailand. HIV and HCV in Thailand: implications for national drug policy (in Thai) Harm reduction: lessons from the region (in Thai) Sterile syringe programs (in Thai) Opioid substitution treatment (in Thai) Outreach and information programs (in Thai) Harm reduction in prison and detention […]

Drug consumption rooms: Evidence and practice

This briefing paper provides a short summary of the background, history and objectives of drug consumption rooms (DCRs), and analyses available evidence regarding their impact. The second part of the briefing paper consists of an overview of the various DCRs in different countries, with a particular focus on the concepts used to develop these facilities […]

Drug control, human rights, and harm reduction in the age of AIDS – HIV/AIDS Policv and Law Review 9(3), December 2004

This article by Richard Elliott is an abridged version of a paper prepared for “Human Rights at the Margins: HIV/AIDS, Prisoners, Drug Users and the Law,” a satellite meeting held in Bangkok on 9 July 2004, and organized by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit (India). The article briefly outlines […]

Drug policy and harm reduction

Harm reduction reflects widespread consensus among a range of government officials, health care professionals, police and law enforcement agencies, academics and nongovernmental organizations. Yet in 2007, the Government of Canada removed harm reduction as an official element of Canada’s federal drug strategy and implemented a more punitive approach to drug policy. Once a relative leader in progressive drug policy, Canada has also […]

Drug policy and human rights: the Canadian context — Submission to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

“Canada is a party to the three main UN drug control conventions, which aim to control illicit drugs by reducing supply and demand, in particular through requiring States Parties to adopt varying degrees of prohibitions and sanctions on a range of designated controlled substances, while also providing some degree of (often contested) flexibility for States […]

Drug policy and overdose prevention and response

Across Canada, far too many people are dying from drug overdoses. This public health emergency can affect anyone, including those using prescription opioids medically or non-medically, as well as people who use drugs purchased on the illegal and unregulated market.

Drug treatment courts in Canada: an evidence-based review – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12(2/3)

Drug treatment courts, which are judicially mandated treatment alternatives to the incarceration of illicit drug offenders, were introduced in Canada in late 1998. Recent announcements from the federal government suggest that the drug treatment court model will continue to operate and expand in a number of Canadian jurisdictions. Two major evaluations of these programs – […]

 

Educate yourself about HIV transmission

Earlier this year, the Legal Network, HALCO and PASAN produced a poster for people in prison to address common myths about HIV transmission. The poster will be posted in the Admitting and Discharge Area of all provincial correctional institutions in Ontario and in the program rooms on the ranges at Toronto South Detention Centre.

Effects of UN and Russian Influence on Drug Policy in Central Asia

Article in At What Cost?: HIV and Human Rights Consequences of the Global “War On Drugs” (Open Society Institute, March 2009) In this essay we analyze the role of the predominantly prohibitionist approach embodied in the UN drug control conventions and the 1998 Political Declaration in shaping Russian drug legislation and policy, and its influence […]

Election 2011 – Vote for action on AIDS: Global access to life-saving medicines

A federal election offers you a chance to cast your vote for MPs who will streamline CAMR with a “one-licence solution.” One process, one licence – easier and more flexible for developing countries and for suppliers of generic medicine, and better for patients who need life-saving medicines.

Engendering bold leadership against HIV/AIDS – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12(1)

The importance of leadership, especially human rights-driven leadership, in the fight against HIV/AIDS is widely recognized. However, argues Michael Pates in this commentary, the type of bold leadership required to really make a difference has been lacking. Pates calls for the development of an AIDS Leadership Initiative and describes how it might happen. Related Publications […]

Establishing Safe Injection Facilities in Canada

The paper demonstrates that promoting the well-being of both drug users and communities requires changes to drug laws and policies, including the introduction of safe injection facilities.

Exploring Avenues to Address Problematic Prosecutions Against People Living with HIV in Canada

In consultation with the community, federal and provincial governments must take action to limit HIV criminalization and bring the law in line with international recommendations, science and human rights as outlined in the attached brief.

 

Facing up to an epidemic: drug policy in Canada

Canada is facing a public health crisis with respect to injection drug use. Rates of blood borne infections among people who inject drugs increased during the 1990s at an alarming rate. By 1996, almost half of all new HIV diagnoses were in people who inject drugs. Since 1997, the proportion of new HIV infections annually […]

Factum of the Interveners at the Supreme Court of Canada: R v. Mabior and R v. D.C.

“These appeals raise the question of whether the offence of aggravated sexual assault can and should be established for HIV non-disclosure in circumstances where, in the Interveners’ submission, there is no ‘significant risk’ of transmission because of factors that dramatically reduce that risk, such as the use of condoms or an undetectable or low viral […]

Factum of the Interveners at the Supreme Court of Canada: R. v. Lloyd

“Globally, prisons disproportionately incarcerate people from marginalized communities, who, in turn, are disproportionately affected by conditions such as drug dependence, HIV, and hepatitis C virus. … Section 5(3)(a)(i)(D) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (the “MMS Provision”) mandates that the persons to whom it applies serve a one year prison sentence, whatever their health condition. The […]

Fixing Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR): 20 Questions & Answers

In this document: Questions 1 to 4 give a quick overview of CAMR and why it needs to be fixed. Questions 5 to 11 provide more in-depth, background information. Questions 12 to 14 explain the solution for fixing CAMR. Questions 15 to 20 respond to some of the main objections to reforming CAMR. Updated October […]

Fixing Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR): What You Need to Know About Bill C-398

In this document, we identify some of the key claims made by those who oppose CAMR reform and explain why these are incorrect and misleading. Updated October 2012

Fixing Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime: Campaign for Life-Saving Treatment at Critical Stage – Update: January 2011

The campaign in Canada’s Parliament to fix Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) — so that more affordable live-saving medicines can get to developing countries — continues and is now at a critical juncture.

Fixing Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime: Open Letter to WTO Members Regarding review of Doha Paragraph 6 Mechanism on Access to Medicines

Forced HIV Testing: Questions and Answers

Many Canadian provinces have passed legislation that authorizes testing someone for HIV without his or her consent. This document provides information about occupational exposure to HIV, and the legal and human rights concerns raised by forced HIV testing.

Forward Momentum: Annual Report 2013–2014

Highlights of our work in Canada and around the world from April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2014.

 

Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS

This is one of a series of nine info sheets: A History of Discrimination (Info Sheet 1) The Links Between HIV/AIDS and Homophobia (Info Sheet 2) Gay Men, Lesbians, and the Law (Info Sheets 3 and 4) Impact of Stigma and Discrimination (Info Sheets 5, 6, 7 and 8) A Matter of Justice (Info Sheet […]

Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS: Final Report

This is one of a series of nine info sheets: A History of Discrimination (Info Sheet 1) The Links Between HIV/AIDS and Homophobia (Info Sheet 2) Gay Men, Lesbians, and the Law (Info Sheets 3 and 4) Impact of Stigma and Discrimination (Info Sheets 5, 6, 7 and 8) A Matter of Justice (Info Sheet […]

Getting the Regime Right – Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology regarding Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime is not delivering on the country’s pledge to help developing countries get affordable medicines. The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network recommends a number of changes that will help fix the current, flawed Regime. Our central recommendation would replace the existing process for obtaining a compulsory licence with something considerably more streamlined […]

Global Access to Medicines: Canada’s law on compulsory licensing for export – Poster at the XVI International AIDS Conference

Global Access to Medicines: Will Canada Meet the Challenge? – A Submission to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology regarding Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act

Bill C-9 is Canada’s legislation to implement the WTO General Council Decision of 30 August 2003. The bill, therefore, should fully reflect the flexibility that the WTO Decision creates for countries to use compulsory licensing to import cheaper, generic phramaceutical products.

Global Access to Medicines: Will Canada Meet the Challenge? – Supplementary submission to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology regarding Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act

The Standing Committee has asked that we provide our views regarding the “alternatives” to the right of refusal that have been put forward by other witnesses appearing before the Committee. We address several of the most important points that have been put before the Committee.

Good Samaritans vs. Bureaucrats: Which Side Are You On?

Why “pop-up” overdose prevention sites are a legally justifiable and morally necessary response to the opioid overdose crisis and government inaction.

 

HIV CRIMINALIZATION IN CANADA: Current Context & Advocacy

A two-page document briefly describing the current legal landscape of the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada, why the current use of the criminal law is problematic, and what the Legal Network and its partners have been doing to resist the overly broad use of the criminal law against people living with HIV.

HIV Criminalization in Canada: Key Trends and Patterns

As part of an effort to contribute to an informed public dialogue on the issue, this short report provides a snapshot of the temporal and demographic patterns of HIV criminalization in Canada from 1989 to 2016. It also updates information on the outcomes of HIV non-disclosure criminal cases.

HIV Disclosure and the Criminal Law in Canada: Responding to the Media and the Public

The purpose of this briefing note is to give community-based AIDS organizations (CBAOs) information to help them respond to media questions and other inquiries. The information in this Briefing Note is intended to provide responses that are positive and constructive, and respect people living with HIV. The information contained in this Briefing Note is “brief.” […]

HIV Disclosure and the Law: A Resource Kit for Service Providers

This Resource Kit is intended to provide both people living with HIV and service providers with useful information and tools to make informed and empowered choices about how to respond to the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure.

HIV Disclosure to Sexual Partners: Questions and answers for newcomers

This brochure — in five languages — will help newcomers to Canada make informed decisions about disclosing to sexual partners. 

HIV Testing

This is a series of 12 info sheets on HIV testing in Canada. Evolution of HIV testing policy and technology in Canada Shifting HIV testing policies Consent to HIV testing Counselling Anonymous HIV testing Confidentiality Access to HIV testing HIV testing and pregnancy Rapid HIV testing Home HIV testing Mandatory and compulsory testing for HIV […]

HIV Testing and Confidentiality: Final Report

The Report contains a re-examination of the issues raised by HIV testing and confidentiality in Canada. The main question addressed is whether new developments warrant a departure from the “general principle governing HIV antibody testing in Canada.” In particular, the Report examines the following questions: Is specific informed consent to testing still necessary, or should […]

HIV Testing and Confidentiality: Issues for the Aboriginal Community (Second Edition)

The Discussion Paper examines the issues raised for the Aboriginal community by HIV testing and confidentiality, based on interviews of individuals working in the field of HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal people, and on research conducted by the author.

HIV Testing and Pregnancy: Medical and Legal Parameters of the Policy Debate

The object of this report is to analyze the following questions with a view to informing that policy development: Should HIV testing be offered to all pregnant women, or only to those at increased risk of HIV infection? Should HIV testing of pregnant women be voluntary, or should it be mandatory? Should physicians be required […]

HIV Testing and Short-term Entry to Canada: Recommendations for human rights-based reform – Poster at the XVI International AIDS Conference

HIV Testing of UN Peacekeeping Forces: Legal and Human Rights Issues

The UNAIDS Executive Director established the UNAIDS Expert Panel on HIV Testing in UN Peacekeeping Operations to analyze and formulate a comprehensive position on the issue of HIV testing. This Expert Panel convened in New York on 17 – 18 September 2001. The purpose of this paper was to contribute to the deliberations of the […]

HIV Treatment, Microbicide and Vaccine Advocacy – Poster at the 13th Annual Canadian Conference on HIV/AIDS Research

HIV Treatment, Microbicide and Vaccine Advocacy – Poster at the XV International AIDS Conference

HIV Treatments, Microbicides and Vaccines: Developing an Agenda for Action – Meeting Report

This consultation was part of a larger project to create or strengthen partnerships between HIV treatment, vaccine and microbicide advocates and communities.

HIV Treatments, Microbicides and Vaccines: Developing an agenda for action – Background Paper

This paper proposes discussion points relevant to the development of a plan of action to support collaborative advocacy. It is a shorter, more accessible version of the Background Paper for advocacy organizations and individuals involved in HIV vaccine, microbicide and treatment activism. See the paper entitled “Joint Advocacy on HIV/AIDS Treatments, Microbicides and Vaccines — […]

HIV Vaccines and Human Rights: Community Action Kit

This is a series of 12 info sheets: HIV/AIDS vaccines: The basics HIV/AIDS, vaccines and human rights Getting started: Approval of HIV vaccines trials Ensuring community participation in making decisions about HIV vaccine trials Informed consent and voluntary participation in HIV vaccine trials The right to prevention, care and confidentiality for HIV vaccine trials participants […]

HIV Vaccines for Developing Countries: Advancing Research and Access – Advocacy Tool

Background information for: support of the HIV vaccine effort in a human rights framework advocacy for national plans and funding commitments advocacy for public awareness, support, and involvement advocacy for HIV vaccine development advocacy for future HIV vaccine access

HIV Vaccines for Developing Countries: Advancing Research and Access – Background Paper

This background paper notes the imperatives for funding HIV vaccine research for developing countries; the inadequacy of current approaches and the obstacles to more rapid research and development; and potential action steps to quickly mobilize substantially greater support for such research, including greater funding from governments and other donors and the private sector, and greater […]

HIV Vaccines for Developing Countries: Advancing Research and Access – Summary Report

This report is intended to complement and build on prior documents produced by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network related to human rights and HIV vaccine development. The report is part of a larger project led by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network to facilitate dialogue among researchers, funders, affected communities, national governments and the international community […]

HIV Vaccines in Canada

This is a series of eight info sheets: Current State of HIV Vaccine Research Why We Need a Canadian HIV Vaccine Plan Involving Communities in the Conduct of Clinical Trials Clinical Trials and the Informed-Consent Process Obligations Toward Clinical Trial Participants Clinical Trials and Stigma & Discrimination Planning Now for Vaccine Delivery Essential Resources

HIV Vaccines in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues – A Backgrounder

This background paper is designed to provide a detailed analysis of the major legal and ethical issues related to the development and delivery of an HIV vaccine in Canada. For a shorter and more accessible examination of the topics discussed in this paper, readers should consult “HIV Vaccines in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues – […]

HIV Vaccines in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues – An Overview

This overview is designed to provide a summary of the major legal and ethical issues related to the development and delivery of an HIV vaccine in Canada. The main target audience is people working in community-based HIV/AIDS organizations. Secondary target audiences are researchers working on HIV vaccines and government officials working in HIV/AIDS. The overview […]

HIV and Hepatitis C in Prisons

This is a series of 13 info sheets on HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C in prisons. HIV and hepatitis C in prisons: the facts High-risk behaviours in prisons HIV and hepatitis C transmission in prison Prevention: condoms Prevention: bleach Prevention: needle and syringe programs Prevention and treatment: methadone Care, treatment and support A comprehensive strategy Aboriginal […]

HIV and Immigration: Final Report

The final report: describes the general trends in approaches taken to disease and migration both internationally and in Canada; describes Canada’s current policies regarding HIV/AIDS and visitors, immigrants, and refugees; describes some of the proposed changes in immigration legislation and policy that may affect visitors, immigrants, and refugees with HIV/AIDS; evaluates Canada’s current and proposed […]

HIV non-disclosure and Canadian criminal law: antiretroviral treatment and viral load

This document will inform you about: when there is a legal duty to disclose HIV-positive status; the current evidence regarding the impact of ARV treatment and viral load on the risk of HIV transmission; the current state of the law regarding viral load and HIV disclosure; and why people should not be prosecuted or convicted […]

HIV non-disclosure and Canadian criminal law: condom use

This document will inform you about: when there is a legal duty to disclose HIV-positive status; the current evidence about the risk of HIV transmission with and without condoms; the current state of the law about condom use and HIV disclosure; and why people who use condoms should not be prosecuted for not disclosing HIV-positive […]

HIV non-disclosure and criminal law: Implications of recent Supreme Court of Canada decisions for people living with HIV

On October 5, 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decisions in the cases of Mabior and D.C. The Court decided that people living with HIV have a legal duty, under the criminal law, to disclose their HIV-positive status to sexual partners before having sex that poses a “realistic possibility” of HIV transmission. Not […]

HIV non-disclosure and the criminal law: A summary of two recent decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada

On October 5, 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada released important decisions in two cases of HIV non-disclosure; namely, R. v. Mabior and R. v. D.C. Mabior is a man who had sex with several women without disclosing his HIV-positive status. D.C. is a woman who had sex with her abusive former partner once before […]

HIV non-disclosure and the criminal law: An analysis of two recent decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada

On October 5, 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decisions in the cases of Mabior and D.C. The Court decided that people living with HIV have a legal duty, under the criminal law, to disclose their HIV-positive status to sexual partners before having sex that poses a “realistic possibility” of HIV transmission. Not […]

HIV treatments, vaccines, and microbicides: toward coordinated advocacy – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(1), April 2004

In November 2003, the Legal Network convened a meeting in Montréal of global experts working in the fields of treatments, vaccines, and microbicides.The meeting was historic in that it was the first occasion on which advocates from the three fields had the opportunity to meet and exchange views on policy priorities. In this article, John […]

HIV, Disability and Human Rights – Opportunities offered by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

There are many links between HIV and (other) disabilities. As a result, there are growing calls for partnership between HIV activists and disability activists in responding to human rights concerns, including discrimination. Related Publications VIH, Discapacidad y Derechos Humanos: Oportunidades que Ofrece la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos de las Personas con […]

HIV, disability and discrimination: making the links in international and domestic human rights law

In this article, we first examine the links between HIV and disability. We then provide a brief overview of how international human rights law has treated both disability and HIV/AIDS. We note some of the different ways in which national anti-discrimination laws have reflected the links between HIV and disability, illustrated with representative examples from […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(1) July 2008

FEATURES Delivery past due: global precedent set under Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime Developing guidance for HIV prosecutions: an example of harm reduction? Access to condoms in U.S. prisons CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Legislation imposing mandatory minimum sentences for drug offences passes second reading Manitoba legislation would authorize testing for HIV without informed consent Organ donation regulations […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(2/3) December 2008

FEATURE Legislation contagion: building resistance CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Results of the first North American prescription heroin study are promising New excessive demand policy for immigration applicants British Columbia adopts E-Health Act (Most) political parties respond to questionnaire on AIDS issues during federal election Immigration and Refugee Protection Act amended In brief Federal Government announces new strategy […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(1) May 2009

FEATURE Criminalization confusion and concerns: the decade since the Cuerrier decision CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS B.C. medical officers of health seek more supervised injection facilities Human rights complaint filed against Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons over methadone program More money for Vancouver drug court, but future funding for all drug courts uncertain Survey reveals need to […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(2) December 2009

FEATURE Clean switch: the case for prison needle and syringe programs CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Quebec’s funding cut endangers study on alternative treatment for people addicted to heroin Constitutionality of gay blood donor ban challenged in court In brief Report: Cancelled prison tattoo initiative had potential to reduce disease transmission Municipal support on Vancouver Island for access […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(3) June 2010

FEATURES Criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure: the context of francophone West and Central Africa MSM law in francophone Africa and the fight against AIDS: the hypocrisy of certain countries CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS British Columbia project seeks to improve access to HIV treatment and care among hard-to-reach populations Multi-million dollar AIDS vaccine project cancelled Surveys in Quebec […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(1) October 2010

FEATURE Redoubling global efforts to support HIV/AIDS and human rights CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS HIV prevalence in prison is 15 times greater than in the community as a whole New study puts forth HIV treatment as prevention Keeping a common bawdy house becomes a “serious offence” under Criminal Code Vaccine initiative money reallocated; emphasis placed on research […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(2) April 2011

FEATURE Legislative and policy analysis of HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who use drugs and incarcerated people in Central Asia and Azerbaijan CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Supervised injection sites in Quebec: one step closer to reality Correctional Investigator highlights pending adverse impacts of the government’s “tough on crime” agenda In brief Ottawa police changes policy […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(3) October 2011

FEATURE Bedford v. Canada: a paradigmatic case toward ensuring the human and health rights of sex workers A tale of two cases: urging caution in the prosecution of HIV non-disclosure CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Senate stalling derails bill to fix Canada’s law on affordable generic medicines for developing countries Ontario: study documents access and quality of care […]

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16 – May 2012

FEATURES – TREATMENT AS PREVENTION: ASSESSING THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS Human rights in an era of treatment as prevention The ethical implications of “treatment as prevention” in the United States British Columbia’s “seek and treat” strategy: a cautionary tale on privacy rights and informed consent for HIV testing CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Federal government’s omnibus […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 1(1) Fall 1994

FEATURES HIV Prevention Taken Seriously: Provision of Syringes in a Swiss Prison Québec Court Finds Asymptomatic HIV Infection a Charter ” Handicap “: Hamel v. Malaxos PRISONERS AND HIV/AIDS Australia: Australian Federal Health Minister Calls for Needle Exchange in Prisons Australia: Prisoners Sue for the Right to Condoms TUBERCULOSIS TB/HIV Issues Receiving Increased Attention in […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 1(2) January 1995

FEATURES Bill C-7: Implications for HIV/AIDS Prevention (Canadian Legislation) Ontario Court Rules on Notification of Blood Donors Should Canada Criminalize HIV Endangerment? Thank you to film producer Rock Demers on World AIDS Day NOTE Joint Network/CAS (Canadian AIDS Society) Project on Legal Issues Raised by HIV/AIDS PRISONERS AND HIV/AIDS Alarming Evidence of HIV Transmission in […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 1(3) April 1995

NOTES Update on Joint Network/CAS Project HIV-ANTIBODY TESTING No Compulsory HIV-Antibody Testing of Persons Accused or Convicted of Sexual Assault HIV/AIDS and the Military in Canada — the Twaites decision PRISONERS AND HIV/AIDS Switzerland: Prison Needle Exchanges Declared Judicially Admissible Australia: Update on Prison Condom Case Australia: Claim by Prison Officer settled TESTING AND REPORTING […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 1(4) July 1995

FEATURES Focus on Gay Issues: Discrimination Impedes the Fight Against AIDS Bleach and Anonymous HIV Testing in Federal Prisons PRISONERS AND HIV/AIDS Update on Needle and Syringe Exchange in Swiss Prison DISCRIMINATION Anal Sex Law Ruled Discriminatory Supreme Court Rules on Same-Sex Benefits Ontario Court Rules on Same-Sex Adoptions HUMAN RIGHTS Human Rights Linked to […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 10(1) April 2005

FEATURES HIV/AIDS and human rights: we’ve only just begun A long way from there to here: human rights approaches to HIV/AIDS in a local setting Protection against discrimination based on HIV/AIDS status in Canada: the legal framework EDITORIAL AIDS, drugs, and terrorism: do I have your attention? CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Legal Network launches Plan of Action […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 10(2) August 2005

FEATURES The criminalization of HIV transmission in England and Wales: questions of law and policy CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS HIV disclosure no longer required on application form for temporary resident visa Safer tattooing piloted in six federal prisons Ottawa: City Council approves distribution of crack kits Bill to export generic drugs comes into force Recommendations published concerning […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 10(3) December 2005

FEATURES Injection drug use, HIV/AIDS and incarceration: evidence from the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study Legal Network report calls for decriminalization of prostitution in Canada CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Report calls for changes to the law to improve safety, security and well-being of sex workers Toronto: Report calls for more harm reduction measures for drug users Saskatchewan […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 11(1) April 2006

FEATURE Scaling up HIV testing: human rights and hidden costs CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Health Canada authorizes access to experimental HIV drugs, but only after a long struggle Question period: how will Canada’s new minority government approach HIV/AIDS? HIV-positive woman suing police, man who allegedly infected her and his family Medical marijuana users continue to experience legal […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 11(2/3) December 2006

FEATURES Canada’s 2003 renewed drug strategy — an evidence-based review Will they deliver treatment access?: WTO rules and Canada’s law on generic medicine exports The CDC’s routine HIV testing recommendation: legally, not so routine CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Supervised injection facility granted time-limited extension Federal prison guards call for power to test prisoners for HIV Sex workers: […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 12(1) May 2007

FEATURES Male circumcision and HIV prevention: a human rights and public health challenge Commentary: Engendering bold leadership against HIV/AIDS CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Subcommittee fails to recommend legal reforms needed to promote human rights of sex workers Conservative government ends funding for research on Insite Draft evaluation suggests pilot safer tattooing program had potential to reduce disease […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 12(2/3) December 2007

FEATURES Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa Drug treatment courts in Canada: an evidence-based review Use of soft law to address HIV/AIDS in Southeast Asia CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS Supervised injection facility granted another temporary extension; legal action launched First test of WTO mechanism for procuring generic medicines under compulsory licence, […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 2(1) October 1995

FEATURES Focus on HIV/AIDS in Prisons Methadone and HIV/AIDS Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: A Review PROSTITUTION Prostitution and HIV/AIDS: A Literature Review TESTING AND REPORTING Further Update on Blood Donor Notification Case CAS’s Reaction to Judgment in Blood Donor Case United States: Testing of Juveniles Accused of Sexual Assault EUTHANASIA Legalizing Euthanasia Oregon’s Measure 16 […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 2(2) January 1996

FEATURES Third HIV/AIDS Strategy Needed HIV-Specific Criminal Offence Proposed Interventions in Perinatal HIV Transmission CRIMINAL JUSTICE Joint Project on Criminalization of HIV Transmission Criminalization of HIV Transmission: A Literature Review Criminal Law and HIV/AIDS: A Review of Cases (Part II) HIV-Positive Rapist Sentenced to 12 Years BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Japan: Hemophiliacs Offered Compensation in […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 2(3) April 1996

FEATURES AIDS and Overdose Deaths in British Columbia Drug Laws and HIV/AIDS Public Health and “The Unwilling and Unable” DRUG POLICY Access to Sterile Needles for Young People under the Age of 14 Bill C-7: An Update DISCRIMINATION Transgendered People, Discrimination, and HIV/AIDS US: Court Finds Dentist Guilty of Unlawful Discrimination HIV/AIDS and Child Care […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 2(4) July 1996

FEATURES Human Rights, Women and HIV Needle Exchange in Prisons: An Overview US Appeal Courts Rule in Favour of Assisted Suicide TESTING & CONFIDENTIALITY Project Begins Work on Testing and Confidentiality Issues US — Hospital Sued Over Clandestine HIV Test CANADIAN NEWS Renewal of AIDS Strategy Needed CRIMINAL JUSTICE Discussion Paper on criminal Law and […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 3(1) October 1996

FEATURES HIV Testing and Confidentiality Issues Reexamined Compassionate Access to Investigational Therapies HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal Communities XI INTERNATIONAL AIDS CONFERENCE What Did We Learn? Legal and Ethical Issues at the Vancouver Conference HIV/AIDS AND HUMAN RIGHTS AIDS, Human Rights, and NAFTA: Challenges and Opportunities CANADIAN NEWS Canadian Human Rights Commission Releases Revised Policy on HIV/AIDS […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 3(2-3) Spring 1997

FEATURES Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Supreme Court to Hear Cuerrier Case Testing of Pregnant Women: Issues and Options TESTING AND CONFIDENTIALITY HIV Testing and Confidentiality: A Discussion Paper HIV Testing in Pregnancy: A Duty or a Choice? A New World of HIV Testing: Experiences with Home Testing Canada — Rapist Required to Submit […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 3(4) and 4(1) Winter 1997/1998

FEATURES Current Issues in HIV/AIDS and Insurance Focus on HIV/AIDS and Injection Drug Use Children: The Changing Face of AIDS DISCRIMINATION Your Health Is Back. Now You May Lose Your Protection against Discrimination Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS: A Discussion Paper Publication Noted: The Impact of Homophobia and Other Social Biases on AIDS […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 4(2-3) Spring 1999

FEATURES Supreme Court Rules in R v Cuerrier Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Issues at Geneva98 CANADIAN NEWS Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Issues Raised by HIV/AIDS: A Plan for 1999–2003 HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN COURTS HIV/AIDS in Canadian Courts in 1998: An Overview Québec Court of Appeal Rules on the Constitutionality of Law on Anal […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 4(4) Summer 1999

FEATURES Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS: Another Call for Action Newly Infected People and Clinical Trials: Ethical Issues PREGNANCY AND HIV/AIDS An Ethical Analysis of HIV Testing of Pregnant Women and Their Newborns New Law on Testing Newborns in Connecticut US: Court Denies Legal Custody of Child to Breast-feeding Mother with HIV HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 5(1) Fall/Winter 1999

FEATURES HIV Testing and Treatment of Children HIV/AIDS and Children’s Rights HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN COURTS BC Human Rights Tribunal Rules on Discrimination by London Life AIDS Organizations Denied Leave to Intervene in Insurance Case No Removal of HIV-Positive Man for Marijuana Conviction Criminalization of Assisted Suicide Challenge No Duty to Preserve Benefits for Employee with […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 5(2-3) Spring/Summer 2000

FEATURES Supreme Court rules on disability discrimination HIV/AIDS and the Law: New challenges HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN COURTS Medical treatment of children with HIV/AIDS Court rejects appeal for safe supply of medical marijuana Appeals heard on both medical and non-medical marijuana BC Appellate Court dismisses insurance appeal Man with HIV gets reprieve from deportation Discrimination in […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 5(4) 2000

FEATURES An Ethical Analysis of the Mandatory Exclusion of Immigrants Who Test HIV-Positive Legal, Ethical, and Human Rights Issues at Durban 2000 HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN COURTS Red Cross and Federal Government Held Liable for Hemophiliacs’ HIV Infection Court Approves Final Red Cross Bankruptcy Plan to Compensate Blood Victims Supreme Court to Hear Appeal in Negligence […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 6(1-2) 2001

FEATURES Medical Prescription of Heroin – A Review The HIV/AIDS Pandemic and its Gender Implications HIV/AIDS IN CANADIAN COURTS Supreme Court Finds Red Cross Negligent in Screening Blood Donors Tainted-Blood Cases: Updates Medical Marijuana and the Law: Recent Developments Motion to Strike Claim Dismissed in HIV Defamation Suit Couple Found Guilty in AIDS Scare Ontario […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 6(3) March 2002

FEATURES Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission: Landmark Decision by South African Court Compulsory HIV Testing after an Occupational Exposure Establishing Safe Injection Facilities in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues Report on Complementary/Alternative Health Care and HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS in Prisons: New Developments CANADIAN NEWS Concerns Raised about New Immigration Rules Physicians Dislike New Medical Marijuana Regulations Blood Donor […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 7(1) July 2002

FEATURES HIV Vaccines: Current Challenges and Future Directions Drug Policy in Canada – The Way Forward HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination – The Epidemic Continues HIV/AIDS in Prisons: More New Developments HIV Vaccines in Canada: Legal and Ethical Issues – An Overview CANADIAN NEWS New Immigration Law Comes into Effect As Regulations Finalized Government Delays Release […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 7(2-3) December 2002

FEATURES The 1st Annual Awards for Action on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights House of Commons Committee Releases Report on Canada’s Drug Strategy HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Recent Developments CANADIAN NEWS Canada Refuses to Issue a Visa to an HIV-Positive Worker on Antiretroviral Drugs Supervised Injection Sites: Minister of Health Ready to Review Applications for Pilot Research […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 8(1) April 2003

FEATURES The UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS: One Year Later The UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS: A Review of Legislation in Six Southern African Countries CANADIAN NEWS Mandatory HIV Testing Used to Bar Potential Immigrants Troubled Times for Canada’s Medical Marijuana Program House of Commons Committee Holds Hearings on AIDS Survey Reveals Human […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 8(2) August 2003

FEATURES Human Rights in Vancouver: Do Injection Drug Users Have a Friend in City Hall? Recent Developments in Privacy Legislation CANADIAN NEWS Supervised Injection Sites: Health Canada Approves Vancouver Pilot Sites, but Concerns Remain Health Canada Unveils Plan to Distribute Marijuana for Medical Use Clinical Trial on Medicinal Use of Marijuana Cancelled Ottawa Moves to […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 8(3) December 2003

FEATURES TRIPS from Doha to Cancún … to Ottawa: global developments in access to treatment and Canada’s Bill C-56 Warsaw Declaration on HIV/AIDS and injection drug use adopted CANADIAN NEWS North America’s first supervised injection site opens in Vancouver Ontario: People can now apply for forced HIV testing in certain situations Many people in marginalized […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(1) April 2004

FEATURE HIV treatments, vaccines, and microbicides: toward coordinated advocacy CANADIAN NEWS Québec: An outbreak of HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination Alberta: New bill will allow for mandatory HIV testing in emergency situations Media frenzy greets release of Newfoundland man from prison Health Canada makes marijuana available for medical use AIDS in the workplace: a program that’s […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(2) August 2004

FEATURES Human rights and HIV/AIDS in the context of 3 by 5: time for new directions? Harm-reduction activism: a case study of an unsanctioned user-run safe injection site CANADIAN NEWS Canada announces new funding for domestic and global fight against AIDS Reports call for end to harms caused by Criminal Code prohibitions surrounding prostitution Nova […]

HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(3) December 2004

FEATURES Still underground: searching for progress in realizing the human rights of women in prostitution Steps forward, backward, and sideways: Canada’s bill on exporting generic pharmaceuticals EDITORIAL High time to vastly scale up action on human rights CANADIAN NEWS Ontario: Police disclose HIV status of accused under Police Services Act BC: Campaign launched to protect […]

HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal People: Problems of Jurisdiction and Funding (Second Edition)

The Discussion Paper examines the issues raised for Aboriginal communities by the relationship between jurisdiction and HIV/AIDS programs and services, based on interviews with individuals working in the field of HIV/AIDS and Aboriginal people and on research conducted by the author.

HIV/AIDS and Discrimination

This is a series of eight info sheets: An Epidemic of Stigma and Discrimination Stigma and Discrimination: Definitions and Concepts Stigma and Discrimination: The Consequences Examples of Stigma and Discrimination The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination Responding to Stigma and Discrimination – Part 1 Responding to Stigma and Discrimination – Part 2 Conclusions and Recommendations

HIV/AIDS and Discrimination: A Discussion Paper

The Discussion Paper reviews: definitions of discrimination that are current in Canada and internationally; the nature of stigma, discrimination, and vulnerability in the context of the HIV epidemic; stigma and discrimination that people with HIV/AIDS currently experience in their families and communities, at work, in housing, in health care settings, in obtaining insurance coverage or […]

HIV/AIDS and Discrimination: Brief to the House of Commons Subcommittee on HIV/AIDS

This paper outlines the extent of discrimination against persons living with or affected by HIV/AIDS in Canada and shows how discrimination impacts on Canada\’s efforts to prevent the spread of HIV and to provide care, treatment and support to those already infected.

HIV/AIDS and HCV in Prisons – A Select Annotated Bibliography (Second edition)

This document, written by former Legal Network Executive Director Ralf Jürgens and published by Health Canada, aims to: increase knowledge of and access to the literature on issues related to HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in prisons; and increase the capacity of governments, non-governmental organizations,and researchers to respond effectively to the challenges posed by […]

HIV/AIDS and Pharmaceutical Pricing

This info sheet is one in a series of seven info sheets on the federal regulation of pharmaceutical prices in Canada. Health Spending and the Pharmaceutical Industry Controlling Medicine Prices: Evolution of Canadian Law Patented Medicine Prices Review Board Preventing Excessive Pricing of Patented Medicines Jurisdiction of the PMPRB Pricing of HIV/AIDS Drugs Trends in […]

HIV/AIDS and human rights: we’ve only just begun – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(1)

In this article, Joanne Csete suggests that while in theory everybody buys into the effectiveness of rights-based approaches to HIV/AIDS, the practice leaves much to be desired.The author describes the human rights framework that is the foundation for a more effective response to HIV/AIDS and stresses the urgency of paying more than lip service to […]

HIV/AIDS and the Law: Canada and Beyond – Event at XVI International AIDS Conference

HIV/AIDS and the Privacy of Health Information

This is a series of seven info sheets: The Importance of Privacy of Health Information for People Living with HIV/AIDS Privacy, Confidentiality, and Privilege: Related Legal Concepts Legal Protection of Privacy and Confidentiality in Canadian Law Privacy Principles Limits on Privacy and Confidentiality of Health Information Patient Confidentiality and Preventing Harm to Others Privacy Protection […]

HIV/AIDS in Prisons in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

This is a series of 12 info sheets: HIV/AIDS and HCV in prisons: the facts High-risk behaviours behind bars HIV transmission in prison Condoms and prevention of sexual abuse Bleach and other disinfectants Needle and syringe programs Opioid substitution treatment Care and treatment A comprehensive strategy Women prisoners and HIV/AIDS A moral and legal obligation […]

HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Final Report

The Final Report and its appendices review the history of the response to HIV/AIDS in prisons, nationally and internationally; present relevant new developments in the area; examine whether there is a legal and/or ethical obligation to provide prisoners with the means that would allow them to protect themselves against contracting HIV; address the issue of […]

HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Recent Developments – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 7(2-3)

In a report released on 20 November 2002, entitled Action on HIV/AIDS in Prisons: Too Little, Too Late – A Report Card, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network concluded that despite repeated studies and nearly ten years of recommendations for urgent and pragmatic action, the response of Canadian governments to HIV/AIDS, HCV, and injection drug use […]

Hard Time: HIV and Hepatitis C Prevention Programming for Prisoners in Canada

The goal of this report is to encourage and aid prison systems, other sectors of government, non-governmental and community organizations, and prisoners themselves in responding to the challenges of HIV and HCV, particularly with respect to prevention. This report is intended to fulfill this goal by increasing: knowledge and understanding of legal and human rights […]

Harm Reduction Services for Indigenous People Who Use Drugs: Questions and Answers

In Canada, Indigenous people experience higher rates of injection drug use and less access to health care than non-Indigenous people. For many Indigenous people, drug use offers a means of coping with traumatic life circumstances, including those related to their experiences with the residential school and child welfare systems in Canada, legacies of colonialism and […]

Harm Reduction and Human Rights: The Global Response to Injection-Driven HIV Epidemics – Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Despite connections between drug control, human rights and HIV, the United Nations drug control and human rights regimes have developed in what the former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health has described as ‘parallel universes’. The drug control entities rarely discuss human rights and the human rights bodies and mechanisms, in turn, have […]

Harm Reduction in Canada: What Governments Need to Do Now

Canada is in urgent need of comprehensive harm reduction policy that jettisons the failed, costly model of drug prohibition that has ravaged so many lives, from fueling the spread of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), to contributing to over-incarceration, to creating conditions for the ongoing epidemic of overdose fatalities. A harm reduction approach must […]

Harm Reduction in Prisons and Jails: International Experience – Presentation at 2005 amfAR Update Conference

Harm Reduction, HIV/AIDS, and the Human Rights Challenge to Global Drug Control Policy – Health and Human Rights: An International Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2005

The global HIV/AIDS pandemic, and the role of unsafe drug injection as one of its principal drivers, have added to the list of harms associated with unsafe drug use. HIV/AIDS has highlighted ways in which prohibitionist drug policy causes or contributes to such harms and focused attention on the international regime of illicit drug control. […]

Harm-reduction activism: a case study of an unsanctioned user-run safe injection site – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(2), August 2004

Due to the ongoing health crisis among injection drug users in Vancouver, Canada, there have been repeated calls for the establishment of safe injection sites (SISs) since the early 1990s. In April 2003, in response to a large-scale police crackdown and government inaction, a group of activists opened an unsanctioned SIS in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside […]

Hazel Tau and Others v. GlaxoSmithKline SA (Pty) Ltd. and Others – Submission of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network to the Competition Commission of South Africa

“The purpose of this submission is three-fold. First, the Network would like to express its support for the complaint lodged on 19 September 2002 by Hazel Tau and ten others… “Second, the Network would like to place before the Commission the recent judgment of the Supreme Court of Canada in Apotex Inc. v. Wellcome Foundation […]

House of Commons Committee Releases Report on Canada’s Drug Strategy – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 7(2-3)

On 17 May 2001, the House of Commons created a Special Committee on Non-Medical Use of Drugs based on a motion introduced by Randy White, Canadian Alliance MP (Langley–Abbottsford) and gave it a very broad mandate to study “the factors underlying or relating to the nonmedical use of drugs in Canada” and to propose recommendations […]

Human Rights and Drug Control Policy

Increasingly, human rights monitors, mechanisms and NGOs have begun to focus on drug policies and their impact on human rights protections, but this rarely happens in a connected or thematic way. These briefing papers are intended to provide a basic overview of some of the core human rights issues related to drug control efforts and […]

Human Rights and HIV/AIDS: Now More Than Ever

At the United Nations’ 2006 High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS, world leaders reaffirmed that “the full realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all is an essential element in the global response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic.” Yet, 25 years into the AIDS epidemic, this “essential element” remains the missing piece in the fight […]

Human Rights and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

The objective of this paper is to examine the human rights content and impact of the Global Fund’s work in three areas — grant-making processes, grants, and advocacy, especially to see how this unique institution manages the balancing act to which its principles lead. Without pretending to have conducted an exhaustive investigation, we examine some […]

Human Rights as a Key Part of the Next Strategic Plan of the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

This discussion paper highlights why human rights should represent a key part of the next strategic plan of the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, outlines some current Global Fund initiatives that support human rights, and identifies opportunities for strategically enhancing human rights and health outcomes. It suggests that a new strategic plan […]

Human Rights in Vancouver: Do Injection Drug Users Have a Friend in City Hall? – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 8(2)

In April 2003, the Vancouver Police Department (VPD) initiated a crackdown in the city’s Downtown Eastside, an area frequented by drug users and the site of one of the developed world’s worst AIDS epidemics. Human Rights Watch (HRW) visited the city and issued a report documenting first-hand accounts of unnecessary use of force by police […]

Human Rights, Global Responsibility and Access to Treatments in the Developing World – Presentations at 2001 AGM

The 2001 Annual General Meeting of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network was held in Montréal from Friday, September 21st to Sunday, September 23rd. The AGM opened on the evening of September 21st with a welcome session and a panel discussion on Access to Treatments in Developing Countries. The formal business of the AGM was conducted […]

Human rights and HIV/AIDS in the context of 3 by 5: time for new directions? – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(2), August 2004

Over the last decade, the success of the human rights–based approach to HIV/AIDS has been spotty, says Mark Heywood. In this feature article, the author describes the challenges that remain in implementing a human rights approach. He presents an analysis of questions raised by De Cock et al concerning the applicability of the human rights […]

Human rights in an era of treatment as prevention – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16

This article discusses the human rights and ethical implications of treatment as prevention; it provides the global context, with examples from Africa, for implementation of such a policy, examining how discrimination and human rights violations can impede access to treatment for vulnerable populations. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16 – May 2012

 

Immigration and Travel to Canada for People Living with HIV: Questions and Answers

People living with HIV are allowed to travel to Canada. However, HIV status is one factor considered by the Government of Canada when deciding if a person can stay in Canada for an extended period of time. This Q&A provides information on how Canadian immigration law and policy affect people living with HIV who wish […]

Impaired Judgment: Assessing the Appropriateness of Drug Treatment Courts as a Response to Drug Use in Canada

The purpose of this report is to critically examine drug treatment courts (DTCs) in Canada using the available evidence, which includes process and outcome evaluations of existing DTCs, grey literature and academic research. Our assessment is also informed by interviews with a number of key informants who interact with DTCs in various ways.

In breach of international law: Ukrainian drug legislation and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Ukrainian Ministry of Health Resolution No. 634 dated 29 July 2010 brought into force amendments that significantly reduce the legal threshold for “small,” “large” and “extra large” quantities of certain types of illegal drugs, including those most commonly used by people who use drugs in Ukraine. According to the laws of Ukraine, regulatory acts issued […]

Income Security for people living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

This is a series of six info sheets on the disability income and other benefit programs people living with HIV/AIDS in Canada rely upon: HIV/AIDS and income insecurity Employment Insurance sickness benefit Long-term disability insurance Canada and Quebec Pension Plan disability benefit Provincial and territorial social assistance Overcoming the barriers to income security: recommendations for […]

Indigenous Communities and HIV Disclosure to Sexual Partners: Questions and Answers

While the criminal law is a blunt instrument to deal with complex issues such as disclosure or the root causes for HIV in Indigenous communities, it is the law in Canada, and it is important for you to know about it so you can make informed decisions about your sexual life. This brochure has been […]

Indigenous Communities and HIV and HCV in Federal Prisons: Questions and Answers

This ‘Question and Answer’ booklet is for prisoners who identify as First Nations, Inuit and Métis, and who are imprisoned in a federal prison or healing lodge run by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).

Indigenous Communities: Summary of Legal Needs Assessment

In 2014, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (“Legal Network”) and the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network (CAAN) began collaborating to produce a series of legal information resources for Indigenous communities living with and affected by HIV and/or hepatitis C (HCV). In support of this effort, a legal needs assessment was carried out to determine priority legal […]

Indigenous Women, HIV and Gender-Based Violence

This report synthesizes resources that jointly consider Indigenous women, HIV and gender-based violence and relevant recommendations for law reform.

Indigenous communities: HIV, privacy and confidentiality

Knowing your rights and responsibilities when it comes to HIV disclosure, privacy and confidentiality is an important way to protect your privacy. This guide provides answers to common questions on disclosure, privacy and confidentiality in the health care settings, workplaces, post-secondary institutions and other settings — places where many Indigenous people living with HIV have […]

Information note regarding retaliation of the Government of the Russian Federation against the Andrey Rylkov Foundation for Health and Social Justice

The Government of the Russian Federation has retaliated against and suppressed the activities of the Andrey Rylkov Foundation (ARF), including the exercising of its freedom of expression in promoting recommendations given by the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) to the Russian Government in its Concluding Observations of 20 May 2011. Most […]

Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS

This is a series of 13 info sheets on legal and ethical issues related to injection drug use and HIV/AIDS. Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS in Canada: The Facts The Current Legal Status of Drugs in Canada International Law: Drug Control and Human Rights Drug Use and the Provision of Health & Social Services Treatment […]

Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS: Health Canada’s Response to the Report of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network

This document focuses on immediate actions that are being taken to reduce the harm associated with IDU. These initiatives reflect Health Canada’s view that Canada’s response to this urgent health issue requires both improved interventions with individuals who use injection drugs and fundamental changes to the environment in which such interventions are offered.

Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS: Legal and Ethical Issues

Seven priority issues have been analyzed: What is the impact of the current legal status of drugs and drug use on efforts to prevent HIV infection among injection drug users and on the provision of care, treatment, and support to drug users with HIV/AIDS? What are alternatives to the current legal regime on drugs and […]

Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS: Legal and Ethical Issues – Background Papers

This volume contains the final version of the three background papers. It should be read together with HIV/AIDS and Injection Drug Use: Legal and Ethical Issues, the report on phases I and II of the project, which contains a summary of the analysis of the seven priority issues, and the recommendations developed by the workshop […]

Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS: The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network Reacts to Health Canada’s Response to the Network’s 1999 Report on Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS

This paper contains: a short summary of the main issues raised in the Network’s 1999 report; a summary of Health Canada’s response to the Network’s report; the Network’s reaction to Health Canada’s response; a short description of next steps the Network will undertake; and suggestions about how to obtain further information.

Injection Drug Use, HIV/AIDS, and HCV: Brief to the House of Commons Special Committee on Non-Medical Use of Drugs

The focus of this submission to the House of Commons Special Standing Committee on Non-Medical Use of Drugs is on questions relating to harm reduction and on questions concerning injection drug use in Canada, specifically as they relate to HIV/AIDS. We first discuss the extent to which Canada’s drug laws and policies contribute to the […]

Injection drug use, HIV/AIDS and incarceration: evidence from the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(3)

This article summarizes the body of evidence generated via the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS), discusses briefly the related human rights implications, and concludes with recommendations for action. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 10(3) December 2005

Intellectual Property and Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment – Case Studies

Until now, India, Brazil and Thailand have been among the biggest generic ARV producers, both for their own people and for export. This production has been crucial for the supply of affordable treatment in the developing world. It has resulted in competition between producers, which has reduced the price of many ARVs from as much […]

Is the World Finally Waking Up to HIV/AIDS in Prisons? – Infectious Diseases in Corrections Report, Vol. 7, Issue 9, September 2004

While it is impossible to provide a detailed overview of all the prison-related developments presented at AIDS 2004, this article will first provide some background information on HIV/AIDS in prisons worldwide, and then highlight some of the relevant findings presented at the conference.

 

Joint Advocacy on HIV/AIDS Microbicides, Treatments and Vaccines – Statement of Commitment to Building a Comprehensive Global HIV/AIDS Response

This Statement presents the shared commitments of advocates and activists working in the fields of HIV/AIDS treatments, microbicides and vaccines. These commitments are based on human rights principles, as expressed through international and regional human rights instruments. Our commitments also build on the international promises of governments as stated in the United Nations Declaration of […]

Joint Advocacy on HIV/AIDS Microbicides,Treatments and Vaccines: Developing an Agenda for Action

This document sets out the key issues described in the Background Paper and a Plan of Action listing advocacy challenges discussed at the consultation. The objective is to introduce, to a wider global audience, the rationale for collaboration between advocates in these three fields and the key current priorities for advocacy.   Related Publications Cabildeo […]

Joint Advocacy on HIV/AIDS Treatments, Microbicides and Vaccines – Background Paper

This paper proposes discussion points relevant to the development of a plan of action to support collaborative advocacy. It sets out twelve objectives and strategies for treatment, microbicides and vaccine advocacy, and identifies opportunities for advocacy at global, regional and national levels.

Joint NGO Statement to UN Human Rights Council,16th Session re: sexual orientation, gender identity and human rights

“…[We] speak to issues of sexual orientation, gender identity and human rights, on behalf of 119 NGOs (21 ECOSOC-accredited) from over 60 countries (see attached list), and more than 300+ participants from 23 countries who endorsed the Joint Statement during the Asia Pacific Outgames Conference last week.”

Joint NGO Statement: Item 8 General Debate, Human Rights Council, 26th session, June 2014

“Three years ago, this Council adopted its first resolution on sexual orientation, gender identity and human rights. Around the world however, members of our communities still face violence and discrimination because of our sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or intersex status.”

Joint NGO statement to UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee, 7th Session re: traditional values

HRC Resolution 16/3, “Promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms through a better understanding of traditional values of humankind” stresses that “traditions shall not be invoked to justify harmful practices violating universal human rights norms and standards.” In order to gain such an understanding, the Advisory Committee must discuss both the negative and positive ways in […]

Joint Oral Statement to the UN Human Rights Council, 20th Session re: the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression

“[We] draw your attention to recent laws that threaten the right to freedom of expression of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals and others. … What can be done to ensure that national laws that limit the right to freedom of expression do so in a manner consistent with the boundaries of permissible limitations? […]

Joint Statement to Commission on the Status of Women, 54th Session re: Criminal Legislation that Contravenes the Beijing Platform for Action

“We are deeply concerned at an alarming global trend of laws that explicitly target and/or directly or indirectly impact women’s right to control their sexuality and reproduction. Through such legislation, women’s rights are being violated and traditional gender norms are being reinforced, with governments strictly policing women’s bodies and choices…. This submission briefly addresses the […]

Joint Statement to UN Human Rights Council, 10th Session re: Follow-up and implementation of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (Item 8)

“The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action affirms the principles of universality and non-discrimination, and yet many people continue to be denied their rights solely because of their sexual orientation and gender identity…. We therefore welcome the joint statement on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity, delivered at the General Assembly last December by […]

Joint Statement to United Nations Human Rights Council, 12th Session re: Update by High Commissioner for Human Rights

“Thank you Mr. President, and Madam High Commissioner, for your update. The articulation of a broad range of human rights violations, in countries and regions around the world, is a sobering reminder that the Council must redouble its efforts to address all human rights situations, wherever they occur.”

Joint Statement to United Nations Human Rights Council, 14th Session re: Interactive Dialogue with Special Rapporteur on Health

“We welcome the focus of the Special Rapporteur on Health on issues of decriminalisation, in relation to same-sex conduct, sex work and HIV transmission. We share his view that criminal laws in these areas are counterproductive and incompatible with the right to health.”

Joint Statement to United Nations Human Rights Council, 14th Session re: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

“The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action affirms the principles of universality and non-discrimination, and yet many people continue to be denied their rights solely because of their sexual orientation and gender identity. … The time is overdue for this Council to take up its responsibility to address these human rights violations.”

Joint Statement with the International AIDS Alliance re: Panel on HIV and Human Rights at 31st Session of the Human Rights Council

“We welcome the HRC acknowledgement that the full realization of human rights is an essential element in the global AIDS response. Today, more than 30 years into the AIDS epidemic, we have the knowledge, tools and the experience to end AIDS; but it will be impossible to get there without a strong and real commitment […]

Joint Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review – Intervention for Kazakhstan

Joint Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review Working Group of the Human Rights Council, 12th Session re: human rights violations associated with Thailand’s anti-drug laws

Human rights violations committed in the name of drug control are common in Thailand, including the unlawful application of the death penalty and the denial of the highest attainable standard of health and numerous concerns with respect to compulsory treatment. Capital punishment is regularly imposed on people convicted of drug-related offences and the government has […]

Joint letter to UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé re: Russia and the Fourth Conference on HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

“On behalf of advocates for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA), we write to express our concerns about the Fourth Conference on HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECAAC) which is being organized with great influence from its host, the government of the Russian […]

Joint statement at 25th session of the UN Human Rights Council re: Challenges and proposals for strengthening civil society space

“[W]hen States fail to guarantee civil society space, activists often turn to the UN. When that avenue too is closed by intimidation and violence, we must speak out. I [urge] the Council, and the UN as a whole, to ensure a stronger, practical response to reprisals, and thus lead by example in protecting civil society […]

Joint statement to UN Special Rapporteurs re: Intersex issues

This joint statement to the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and to the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, was delivered on behalf of several intersex NGOs from around the world at the 25th session of the UN Human Rights Council.

Judging the epidemic: A judicial handbook on HIV, human rights and the law

Judging the epidemic has been prepared as a resource to help judges, magistrates, arbitrators and other judicial officers throughout the world adjudicate cases involving HIV-related issues. This handbook may also be used by judicial trainers and ministries of justice to deliver educational programmes to judges and magistrates on legal issues related to HIV and human […]

 

Know Your Rights 1: Disclosure at work

Number 1 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 2: Accommodation in the workplace

Number 2 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 3: Remedies for discrimination and privacy violations in the workplace

Number 3 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 4: Disclosure and post-secondary education

Number 4 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 5: Disclosure as a patient

Number 5 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 6: Privacy and health records

Number 6 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 7: Disclosure in school and daycare

Number 7 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights 8: Disclosure, privacy and parenting

Number 8 in a series of brochures that address the privacy rights and disclosure obligations of people living with HIV in a variety of day-to-day contexts.         RELATED PUBLICATIONS Know Your Rights — The Full Series (8 units)

Know Your Rights, Use Your Laws

This handbook was written by a team of legal experts and reviewed by community activists working for improving the human rights situation of people with HIV and key populations most at risk of HIV. It is intended for people with HIV, people who are at higher risk of HIV, as well as their partners and […]

Know Your Rights: A Guide for Child and Family Service Providers Serving People Living with HIV

This guide was written for child and family service providers who provide support and assistance to people living with or affected by HIV.

Know Your Rights: Guide for Parents Living with HIV

This resource was produced for parents or prospective parents living with HIV, including women, transgender men and non-binary people. Its aim is to provide practical information and to foster knowledge about some of the main areas of concern that parents living with or affected by HIV may have. Also available in Spanish and Swahili.

 

Law and the Human Rights of Sex Workers in the Age of HIV/AIDS – Presentation at Outillons-nous : Femmes et travail du sexe

Leading Together: What we can do to overcome AIDS at home and abroad

“For Canada and the world, 2010 is a year of opportunities that can and should be seized by Parliament and the Government, working in collaboration with community organizations, to make real progress in saving lives and making a healthier nation and world.” (Advertisement placed in The Hill Times, Monday, January 18, 2010, p. 21)

Legal Network News 26 – March 2007

FEATURES Stephen Lewis and Legal Network slam UN-funded drug board Glenn Betteridge ends four years at the Legal Network Sex workers hold strategy meeting in Toronto European Court of Human Rights considers Legal Network submission MEDIA Review article and Smith trial result in bump in coverage IN BRIEF Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws gets a failing […]

Legal Network News 27 – June 2007

FEATURES Warsaw conference showcases Legal Network’s harm reduction work Legal Network steps up access to medicines advocacy in Ottawa AGM honours Ruth Carey and HALCO, hears stories of grassroots action to influence policy change MEDIA SCAN MOVING ON Taslim Madhani and Alana Klein head east PROFILE Students’ paths converge at Legal Network IN BRIEF MSM […]

Legal Network News 28 – October 2007

FEATURES Rwanda first to use Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime to buy affordable AIDS drug Executive Director changeover False start – West Africa and the flawed model law on HIV PROFILES New faces at the Legal Network MEDIA SCAN IN BRIEF New board members Ottawa cancels safe crack kits program Law reform in Central Asia […]

Legal Network News 29 – January 2008

FEATURES Women’s rights consultation in Johannesburg Going global: AIDS law portal project lifts off MOVING ON Leon Mar KUDOS Thomas Kerr MEDIA SCAN IN BRIEF Human rights guidelines for pharmaceutical companies Legal Network supports Caribbean activist coalition World Bank conference in Uzbekistan Communicating harm reduction Counterfeit drug strategy? NEW THIS QUARTER

Legal Network News 30 – July 2008

FEATURES Prisoner health activist honoured at AGM Legal Network participates in UN review of global drug policy Hard Time gets national launch The AWARE-HIV/AIDS law: a negative role-“model” Cautious optimism greets Regime breakthrough PROFILE Students bring the world to the Legal Network MEDIA SCAN IN BRIEF Fine-tuning draft legislation on women’s rights Barcelona: Harm Reduction […]

Legal Network News 31 – October 2008

AIDS 2008 Legal Network highlights human rights at AIDS 2008 Introducing AIDSLEX First-ever international rally for human rights and HIV/AIDS Networking for human rights Legal Network researcher lauded FEATURE Election 2008 PROFILES New faces at the Legal Network MOVING ON Richard Pearshouse IN BRIEF Emphasizing human rights in HIV testing HIV and disability Status report […]

Legal Network News 32 – April 2009

FEATURES Broad action to fix CAMR, treat children First Annual Symposium on HIV, Law and Human Rights Compulsory drug treatment in Thailand: raising human rights concerns Women’s rights legislative resource previewed HIV and the law, post-Jane Doe Yukon gets reprieve on forced HIV testing PROFILE Gilles Marchildon LEGAL NETWORK IN THE NEWS IN BRIEF Treatment […]

Legal Network News 33 – July 2009

Legal Network News 34 – August 2009

Legal Network News 35 – December 2009

Legal Network News 36 – March 2010

Legal Network News 37 – May 2010

Legal Network News 38 – July 2010

Legal Network News 39 – August 2010

Legal Network News 40 – September 2010

Legal Network News 41 – November 2010

Legal Network News 42 – July 2011

Legal Network report calls for decriminalization of prostitution in Canada – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(3)

In December 2005, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network released Sex, work, rights: reforming Canadian criminal laws on prostitution. The report examines the ways in which the prostitution-related provisions of the Criminal Code, and their enforcement, have criminalized many aspects of sex workers’ lives and have promoted their social marginalization. The Legal Network calls for the […]

Legally Empowering Key Populations in Russia in the Context of HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care

Monitoring and Evaluation of Technical Assistance to Key Populations And HIV Projects in Russia in Removing Legal Barriers and Community Systems Strengthening Since June 2015, Russia’s non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations working on HIV issues have been implementing a three-year project titled “Improving access to HIV prevention, treatment and care services for key populations in […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS (pre-publication version)

The model law resource consists of eight modules, addressing the following issues: – Criminal law reform – Treatment for drug dependence – Sterile syringe programs – Supervised drug consumption facilities – Prisons – Outreach and information – Stigma and discrimination – Heroin prescription programs Each of the eight modules in this series is a stand-alone […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 1: Criminal law issues

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 1 contains a prefatory note which discusses the rationale for reforming criminal laws that relate to […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 2: Treatment for drug dependence

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 2 contains a prefatory note which discusses the evidence in favour of reforming laws and policies […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 3: Sterile syringe programs

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 3 contains a prefatory note which outlines the rationale for and benefits of syringe exchange programs […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 4: Supervised drug consumption facilities

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 4 contains a prefatory note which outlines the rationale for and benefits of supervised drug consumption […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 5: Prisons

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 5 contains a prefatory note which discusses the rationale for reforming laws and policies in prisons […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 6: Outreach and information

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 6 contains a prefatory note which discusses the rationale for reforming laws to enable outreach programs […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 7: Stigma and discrimination

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 7 contains a prefatory note which discusses the rationale for reforming laws protecting against discrimination and […]

Legislating for Health and Human Rights: Model Law on Drug Use and HIV/AIDS – Module 8: Heroin prescription programs

This model law resource is designed to inform and assist policy-makers and advocates as they approach the task of reforming or making laws to meet the legal challenges posed by the HIV epidemic among people who use drugs. Module 8 contains a prefatory note which discusses the rationale for providing heroin prescription programs as a […]

Legislation contagion: building resistance – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 13(2/3)

The HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review recently carried a feature article recounting the spread of problematic new HIV laws in west and central Africa. It outlined less-than-model approaches in the AWARE-HIV/AIDS “model” law and described how its provisions had been replicated in many national HIV laws. At the time of writing that article, eight national […]

Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12(2/3)

Model legislation can be a useful tool for fighting HIV/AIDS, but only if it is based on sound human rights principles. In 2004, AWARE–HIV/AIDS prepared a model law on HIV for use in Western Africa. Several countries in the region have already drafted national laws based on the model law. In this article, Director of […]

Legislation to Authorize Forced Testing for HIV In the Event of Occupational Exposure: An Unjustified and Unnecessary Rights Violation – A submission to the Government of Manitoba

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (“Legal Network”) understands that the government of Manitoba has received proposals encouraging it to enact legislation authorizing the forced testing of people for HIV and other diseases in situations of possible occupational exposure. The Legal Network wishes to take this opportunity to comment on this subject. It is our understanding […]

Legislation to Authorize Forced Testing for HIV in the Event of Occupational Exposure: An Unjustified Violation of Human Rights – A submission to the Government of Manitoba

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (“Legal Network”) understands that the government of Manitoba has received proposals encouraging it to enact legislation authorizing the forced testing of people for HIV and other diseases in situations of possible occupational exposure. The Legal Network wishes to take this opportunity to comment on this subject. It is our understanding […]

Legislation to Authorize Forced Testing of Federal Prisoners for HIV: An Unjustified Violation of Human Rights

This submission explains why legislation authorizing the forced testing of federal prisoners for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) should not be introduced or supported by the Government of Canada. Briefly stated, legislation authorizing the forced testing of people (i.e., without the individual’s informed consent) does not represent an appropriately balanced […]

Legislative and policy analysis of HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who use drugs and incarcerated people in Central Asia and Azerbaijan – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(2)

This article summarizes key findings and recommendations from the Legal Network – UNODC report, Accessibility of HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care Services for People who Use Drugs and Incarcerated People in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: Legislative and Policy Analysis and Recommendations for Reform. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(2) April […]

Letter from Canadian AIDS Society re: Medical Marihuana Regulatory Reform

Letter from the legal community to Ontario Premier and Attorney General re: Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act

Today, on the International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers, sex workers and their allies will send a strong message to Canada’s provincial leaders: Reject the federal government’s toxic new law governing sex work, and do not enforce the law while its constitutionality remains in question. 190 legal experts in Canada have signed a […]

Letter of support from NDP Leader Jack Layton re: Global Treatment Access Group

“Thank you for writing me in support of the Make Poverty History campaign’s work at the 16th International AIDS Conference in Toronto. Clearly, Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s absence speaks volumes as to where he places the HIV/AIDS crisis among his priorities. In contrast, NDP Caucus members Bill Siksay, Libby Davies, Olivia Chow, Alexa McDonough, and […]

Letter to 17th Philippines Congress Re: House Bill No. 1 on the Death Penalty

“We call on the 17th Philippines Congress to preserve the right to life, and to not bring back use of the death penalty as proposed in House Bill No. 1. We urge all members of the House of Representatives and Senate to uphold the right to life enshrined in the Philippines Constitution 1987 (the Constitution) […]

Letter to Ambassador of the Russian Federation in Canada re: Commemorating the Russian victims of the War on Drugs

“We urge the Russian government to abolish the criminal ban on methadone, to support rather than repress harm reduction programs and workers, and to reform its drug laws so as to place health concerns, not further pointless and harsh criminalization and punishment, at the centre of Russia’s response to drugs and the related harms they […]

Letter to Attorney General of Ontario Yasir Naqvi re: HIV and Criminal Law

“On behalf of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, I am writing to you because we are deeply concerned about Ontario’s approach to prosecuting allegations of HIV non-disclosure. We request that you immediately undertake the following actions to put an end to unjust and harmful prosecutions of people living with HIV: 1. Impose an immediate moratorium […]

Letter to Canadian Minister of International Trade re: Trans‐Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement and safeguarding access to medicines

“We, the undersigned civil society organizations, write to you in order to express our deep concern with some of the provisions proposed for the intellectual property, pharmaceutical pricing and investment chapters of the Trans‐Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP). We are concerned that the measures currently being considered could lead to an agreement that would hamper the ability of millions […]

Letter to Chinese President Hu Jintao re: Beijing Gay and Lesbian Culture Festival

“Human Rights Watch and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network write to protest the arbitrary action of Beijing police who on December 16 closed down the First Annual Beijing Gay and Lesbian Culture Festival. The suppression of the festival, on whatever pretext, violates fundamental rights to freedoms of expression and assembly. Furthermore, in view of China’s […]

Letter to Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade re: Intellectual property issues in bilateral FTA negotiations

“As one of the civil society organizations that has been actively engaged over several years in policy discussions with the federal government regarding the issue of intellectual property law and access to affordable medicines in developing countries — and in particular the provisions of Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) — we write to raise […]

Letter to Dr. Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank re: financial transaction taxes as a source of innovative finance

“We, the undersigned 58 organizations, … encourage you to use your prominent position of influence to become a vocal champion of innovative ways to ensure sufficient resources are available to tackle the most pressing problems faced by the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people.”

Letter to ECOSOC and the UNODC re: exclusion of NGOs from CND Committee of the Whole

“As representatives of ECOSOC-accredited non-governmental organizations who have attended the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), we write to express our concern and discontent with the recent recommendation by the Extended Bureau, relayed by CND secretary Andres Finguerut, that the Committee of the Whole should be a “private” meeting excluding NGOs. This recommendation violates the spirit […]

Letter to Foreign Affairs Minister Peter MacKay re: Treatment Action Council (South Africa)

“As you are undoubtedly aware, South Africa is the country most heavily affected by HIV/AIDS on a per capita basis. Every day, roughly 800 South Africans die from AIDS and another 1000 are infected — all this despite the fact that South Africa has a strong economy and a constitutionally enshrined guarantee of health care […]

Letter to Government of Ontario Requesting Ontario Overdose Coordinator and Action Plan

“The Government of Ontario has taken some important steps on the issue of opioid overdose, including the provision of naloxone to select HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C programs. However, further action on overdose prevention and intervention is urgently needed to build on these initial steps.”

Letter to Health Minister Re: Senate Committee Amendments to Bill C-37

“For the reasons we have noted, we urge you to oppose and remove the Senate committee’s three amendments to Bill C-37, as they are contrary to the spirit and purpose of the bill, creating unnecessary mechanisms for delay in determinations regarding exemptions for SCS [safer consumption services] and reflecting an ongoing stigmatization surrounding people who […]

Letter to Hon. Mark Golding, Jamaica’s Minister of Justice re: Review of Sexual Offences Act

“We are deeply concerned about the continued criminalization of consensual sexual relationships between adult men in Jamaica and the stigmatization, marginalization and violence that it helps perpetuate. Our concern has intensified in recent years in light of a seeming surge in virulent expressions of hatred, up to and including mob assaults, torture and murder, directed […]

Letter to Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam re: Patent (Amendment) Bill 2005

“We write to you to express our deepest concern that recent amendments to India’s patent legislation will lead to unnecessary suffering and death for millions of people in your country and in many others, particularly in the developing world. We urge you to send the Patent (Amendment) Bill 2005 back to Parliament for reconsideration, so […]

Letter to Industry Canada re: Addition of oseltamivir phosphate to Schedule 1 to the Patent Act

“On July 1, 2006 the Departments of Industry and Health published, in Part I of the Canada Gazette, the proposed text of an order to amend Schedule 1 to the Patent Act to add “oseltamivir phosphate”, in both capsule form as well as in powder for oral suspension, to the list of patented pharmaceutical products […]

Letter to International Cooperation Minister Aileen Carroll re: Microbicides and Vaccines

” We write on behalf of the undersigned civil society organizations, many of whom actively participate in the Microbicides Advocacy Group Network (MAG-Net). MAG-Net is a coalition of 30 Canadian AIDS service organizations, sexual and reproductive health organizations, international development NGOs and researchers interested in promoting the development of alternative HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infection […]

Letter to Kirsten Hillman, Chief Negotiator, Trans‐Pacific Partnership re: Request for access and transparency in the TPP negotiating round in Ottawa

“It is our understanding that Canada will host the next negotiating round of the Trans‐Pacific Partnership, including Chief Negotiators meetings, in Ottawa in early July…. [I]t is critical that Canada ensures and facilitates opportunities for civil society stakeholder engagement with negotiators during the Ottawa round of negotiations….”

Letter to Manitoba Health Minister Tim Sale re: Legislation to authorize forced testing for HIV in the event of occupational exposure

Letter to Mayor of Ottawa Larry O’Brien and city councillors re: termination of the Safer Crack Use Initiative

“I am writing to urge you to reconsider the termination of the Safer Crack Use Initiative, as decided by City Council on July 11, 2007. “Opposition to this program is based in part on the mistaken belief that it contravenes the law . . . . We wish to explain how the distribution of safer […]

Letter to Minister for International Cooperation Josée Verner re: Demonstrating Canada’s commitment to achieving universal access to HIV prevention, care and treatment by 2010

“[W]e write to encourage you to continue showing Canada’s commitment to address the global HIV/AIDS crisis when you participate in the G8 development and cooperation Ministers meeting on March 27 and 28 in Berlin, Germany. “Prior to the International AIDS Conference in Toronto last summer, GTAG developed a four-point action plan recommending steps CIDA and […]

Letter to Minister of Canadian Heritage Re: Reinstatement of the Court Challenges Program

“We commend your government’s decision to restore funding to the Court Challenges Program (CCP). We applaud your commitment to ‘work continuously to make Canada more diverse, inclusive and equitable.’ And we share the Minister of Justice’s expectation that reinstatement of the CCP ‘will increase access to justice for vulnerable groups and official-language communities.’ “However, in […]

Letter to Minister of Finance James M. Flaherty re: Demonstrating Canada’s Commitment to a Comprehensive Funding Plan for Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment by 2010

“At the Gleneagles Summit in July 2005, G8 leaders promised to develop and implement a package for HIV prevention, treatment and care, with the aim of as close as possible to universal access to treatment for all those who need it by 2010. Canada was among the countries that reaffirmed a commitment to this target […]

Letter to Minister of Justice Re: Putting an End to Over-Criminalization of HIV Non-Disclosure

“On behalf of the Canadian Coalition to Reform HIV Criminalization, we would like to thank you for making an important statement on World AIDS Day denouncing the over-criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada.”

Letter to Montréal Mayor Gérald Tremblay re: Ville-Marie park closures

“On behalf of the 225 organizational and individual members of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, I am writing to express our dismay over the recent decision of the Ville-Marie arrondissement to close the parks of the centre city to the public at night. This decision is sure to result in further criminalization of homeless people […]

Letter to Ottawa Mayor Bob Chiarelli re: Safer crack use kits

Letter to Parliamentarians re: Russia and the Millennium Development Goals

We, the undersigned non-governmental organizations representing affected communities and working in the field of HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment, in Canada and around the world, address you in advance of the Millennium Development Goal 6 International Forum taking place in Moscow, Russia on October 10–12, 2011.

Letter to President of the Republic of Uganda H.E. Kaguta Yoweri Museveni re: Anti-Homosexuality Bill

“On behalf of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, and our more than 100 members, I write to express our deep dismay at recent reports that you are planning to sign into law the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, 2009 that was passed by Parliament in December of last year.”

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and International Trade Minister Pierre Pettigrew re: Access to Affordable Medicines for Developing Countries and Canada at the World Trade Organization

“As Canadian members of civil society, the undersigned join in expressing to you our very deep concern about the Canadian government’s position at the World Trade Organization in current negotiations on the issue of access to affordable medicines in developing countries. We have a number of specific concerns outlined below…”

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Access to Affordable Medicines and the WTO of 17 December 2002

“Thank you for your acknowledgement on 9 January 2003 of the joint and detailed letter on Access to Affordable Medicines and the WTO of 17 December 2002, sent by ICAD and twenty-six nongovernmental and civil society organizations, along with six individuals. “We appreciate your acknowledgement of our letter, but regret that you have not provided […]

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Africa and Public Health at the 2002 G8 Summit in Kananaskis

“As humanitarian, human rights, health, labour and development organizations actively engaged in the Canadian and international responses to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, we wish to commend you on your address to the World Economic Forum on the 1 February 2002 in New York, and on your leadership in support of the objectives outlined within the […]

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (1)

“Tomorrow, 15,000 people will die — not from war, famine, or genocide, but from a lack of political will. Our government can help save the lives of the nearly 6 million people who will otherwise die this year from HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. We have prevention strategies and treatments. The essential missing component is resources […]

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (2)

“The House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs’ recent report entitled “HIV/AIDS and the Humanitarian Catastrophe in Sub-Saharan Africa,” recommends that the federal government triple its contribution to the Global Fund. We support this call and recommend that funding not be taken from existing commitments to international development assistance . . . .”

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Honouring Commitment Made Under the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

“As concerned international development organisations, AIDS service organisations, labour movements, faith based organisations, persons living with HIV/AIDS and concerned citizens we are writing to urge you to remember the commitments Canada made in June 25–27, 2001 when you and 190 other UN member states adopted the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS . . . .”

Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien re: Our meeting on Nov. 5, 2001 and the WTO Ministerial Declaration on Public Health

“Thank you very much for making it possible to meet with you yesterday. It was a great pleasure for us to have the opportunity to discuss our hopes and concerns regarding Canada’s position on TRIPS and public health at the WTO Ministerial Council starting this week. We also had the opportunity to meet briefly with […]

Letter to Prime Minister Paul Martin re: Canada’s contribution to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

“As a coalition of international development organizations, international humanitarian organizations, AIDS service organizations, trade unions, faith-based groups and human rights organizations, we are writing to encourage you to continue showing Canada’s commitment to the Global Fund to fight AIDS TB and Malaria (GFATM) by making a generous pledge at the GFATM Replenishment Conference taking place […]

Letter to Prime Minister Paul Martin re: Cancellation of the Debts of the Poorest Countries

“Perhaps more than any other G7 leader, you are aware of the importance of debt cancellation for impoverished countries, and the failures of past strategies to address the debt issue. Despite important gains secured by current debt relief strategies, poor countries still spend more on debt service than on health and education. Countries in Africa […]

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Canada’s response to the decision in Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford

“We are concerned about the direction your government is taking with respect to adult prostitution in Canada. Bill C-36, also known as the Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act, proposes a legal regime that criminalizes many aspects of adult prostitution, including the purchase of sexual services, the advertisement of sexual services, and most communication […]

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Demonstrating Canada’s commitment to achieving universal access to HIV prevention, care and treatment by 2010

“As international development, humanitarian, AIDS service, trade union, faith-based and human rights organizations, joined together under the aegis of the Global Treatment Access Group (GTAG), we encourage you to show Canada’s commitment to address the global HIV/AIDS crisis by announcing renewed funding for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) on World […]

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Demonstrating Canada’s commitment to achieving universal access to HIV prevention, care and treatment by 2010

“As international development, humanitarian, AIDS service, trade union, faith-based and human rights organizations, joined together under the aegis of the Global Treatment Access Group (GTAG), we encourage you to show Canada’s commitment to address the global HIV/AIDS crisis by announcing renewed funding for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) on World […]

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Global Treatment Access Group

Download and send this letter to the Prime Minister and your local member of Parliament.

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Government of Canada Policy regarding Human Rights in China

“We believe that the time is right to launch a public process to develop and adopt such a policy with human rights at its centre. Among areas needing attention are: fundamental reforms to the human rights dialogue between Canada and China; other strategies and mechanisms focused on human rights; trade and investment; conditions for development […]

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

“We are writing you in advance of the second anniversary of the unanimous adoption by the General Assembly of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on 10 December 2010 to urge you to sign and ratify or accede to this Protocol and fully implement it without delay.”

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper re: UN General Assembly Special Event on MDG Progress and the Post-2015 Agenda

“As the world focuses its attention on the UN General Assembly and its special session on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), we call on the Canadian delegation to the UN to keep HIV at the forefront of the post-2015 development agenda.”

Letter to Prime Minister and Ministers of International Trade, Health, and International Development re: Access to medicines and the Trans‐Pacific Partnership

“We write to you as Canadian civil society organizations concerned about access to medicines, in Canada and globally. A number of us are members of the Global Treatment Access Group (GTAG), a working group bringing together various Canadian organizations advocating for greater access to medicines, and other aspects of the human right to the highest attainable standard of health, in […]

Letter to Prime Minister and ministers re: Patents and generic drugs in the WTO Ministerial Declaration

“As humanitarian, human rights, and development organisations actively engaged in the Canadian and international responses to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, we wish to raise with you our grave concerns about current discussions at the World Trade Organisation regarding the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“the TRIPS Agreement”), and Canada’s role in those […]

Letter to Quebec Health and Social Services Minister Philippe Couillard re: HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination

“On behalf of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, COCQ-sida (the Quebec Coalition of Community-Based AIDS Organizations), and our 300 members, we strongly urge the Ministry of Health and Social Services to fund, as a matter of urgency, a province-wide campaign against HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination…”

Letter to Quebec Human Rights Commission re: HIV testing of priesthood candidates (1)

“In an article in The Gazette of today, it is reported that Commission spokesperson Ginette L’Heureux has said that the Commission “will probably examine this week whether it should launch an investigation at its own initiative” into the matter of HIV testing of priesthood candidates…”

Letter to Quebec Human Rights Commission re: HIV testing of priesthood candidates (2)

“We are following up to our letter of 14 January, in which, on behalf of our members, we strongly urged the Commission to launch an investigation into the matter of HIV testing of priesthood candidates…”

Letter to TPP Ministers and Heads of Delegation re: transparency

“Ever since talks over the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP) began over five years ago, there have been broad public calls on leaders to make negotiations more transparent and open to the public. In statements, in letters, and in face-to-face meetings with trade representatives, we have urged the adoption of concrete practices that would better enable the kind of open […]

Letter to Thailand’s Prime Minister and Minister of Public Health re: The Legality and Propriety of Thailand’s Public Non-Commercial Use Licenses for AIDS, Heart-Disease, and Cancer Medicines

“We are a group of international legal experts who understand that the Government of Thailand is reviewing the legality and adverse trade impacts of seven compulsory licenses on AIDS, heart disease, and cancer medicines issued in Thailand since November 2006. We are writing to assure you that the licenses are fully lawful not only under […]

Letter to Toronto City Council re: Toronto Drug Strategy

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network wishes to express its support for the visionary report and recommendations of the Toronto Drug Strategy Advisory Committee. In adopting the recommended strategy as policy, the City of Toronto would distinguish itself as having a drug policy based on sound empirical evidence, informed public health principles and respect for human […]

Letter to Toronto Police Chief William Blair re: Report of police destroying crack pipes

“I write to you, on behalf of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, to express our concern with recent public reports of Toronto police officers confiscating and destroying personal possessions, including drug use equipment, from people who use illegal drugs. We refer, in particular, to the story that appeared recently on the front page of The […]

Letter to Toronto Police Services Board RE: Request for Feedback on Police “Street Checks”

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network wishes to add our voice to the many calling for the immediate abolition of all aspects of “street checks” or “carding” used by the Toronto Police Service (TPS).

Letter to Trade Ministers re: Safeguarding Access to Medicines in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

“We, the undersigned civil society organizations, write to you regarding intellectual property provisions in the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA). We are concerned that intellectual property measures that may be included in an eventual agreement could undermine patients’ access to vital medicines, and contravene promises of a new trade model and ’21st century’ agreement.”

Letter to UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé re: convening High-Level Meeting to assess progress towards Universal Access

“[W]e would like … to ask UNAIDS to call on the United Nations General Assembly to convene a High Level Meeting before September 2015 to assess progress toward the achievement of the goals in the 2011 Political Declaration and to renew the commitments to achieve Universal Access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in […]

Letter to UNODC Executive Director re: Official position of UNODC on HIV prevention for people who inject drugs and in prisons

Letter to Vancouver Mayor-elect Sam Sullivan re: Insite

“Insite, Vancouver’s safe injection facility, is an essential harm reduction element of Vancouver’s “four-pillar” drug strategy. I am writing to you to seek your support for maintaining Insite as a harm reduction service and not allowing the Vancouver Police Department to turn it into a law enforcement tool…”

Letter to and response from Opposition Leader Stéphane Dion re: support for safe injection facilities

“On behalf of our more than 200 members, including front-line AIDS service organizations and people living with HIV/AIDS, I am writing to applaud your recent statements supporting supervised injection sites. . . . I urge you and your caucus to continue to stand up and speak out for Insite. Canadians deserve to know how successful […]

Letter to federal Health Minister Tony Clement re: Insite

“As Canada’s national HIV/AIDS organizations and as partners in the Federal Initiative on HIV/AIDS, we write to ask you to extend the regulatory exemption allowing Insite, Vancouver’s safe injection facility, to continue its life-saving work…”

Letter to federal Industry Minister Allan Rock re: Patent Act amendments and the export of Canadian-made generic medicines

“We write to you, as representatives of Canadian civil society organizations, to request that the Government of Canada take a simple, yet significant, step to demonstrate leadership and to enhance our country’s response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic and other global health challenges: we ask that you amend Canada’s Patent Act to facilitate the export of […]

Letter to federal Industry Minister Maxime Bernier and federal Health Minister Tony Clement re: international expert consultation on Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime

“We write with regard to the government’s review of Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR), currently underway, and to share you with some highlights of findings from a recent international consultation our organizations co-hosted to examine CAMR and related issues. . . . “The full report of the Expert Consultation will follow in due course, […]

Letter to federal Justice Minister Anne McLellan re: Bill C-217 (Blood Samples Act)

“We wish to raise again our concerns with proposed legislation, and ask that your office and government not support this bill or others imposing compulsory testing for HIV….”

Letter to federal Public Safety Minister Stockwell Day re: recommendations of the CSC Review Panel

“We write to express our concern about certain recommendations made by the Correctional Services Canada (CSC) Review Panel in its recently released final report, A Roadmap to Strengthening Public Safety — recommendations which, in our view, are not guided by the best available evidence and by human rights principles. . . .”

Letter to federal members of Parliament re: equal marriage

“[B]y reopening debate on this issue [the Civil Marriage Act] in the House of Commons and possibly backpedaling on the equal right of same-sex couples to marry, Canada is in danger of joining the ranks of countries that champion human rights only selectively to suit political circumstances. The consequences of such an outcome would be […]

Letter to members of Parliament and senators re: Budget 2007 and the new “National Anti-Drug Strategy”

“We write to draw to your attention the important health implications of Budget 2007, specifically the allocations for the federal strategy on illicit drugs and the striking absence of any budgetary support for harm reduction measures.”

Letter to provinces and territories Re: Healthy drug policy: Bill C-37 and beyond

“We, the undersigned, write to you respecting the recent passage into law of Bill C-37, An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make related amendments to other Acts. As you well know, the intent of this law is to facilitate the scaling up of safer consumption services (SCS) across Canada, […]

Letter to the Commission des droits de la personne re: École Nationale de Police du Québec and the Service du police de la ville de Montréal

“On 26 January 2004, the city council of Montréal adopted a policy outlining the medical standards for hiring of the Service de police de la ville de Montréal (SPVM); a copy of this policy is attached as Appendix A ( les “normes d’embauche”). These standards echo in large part those of the École Nationale de […]

Letter to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs re: Syringe Exchange

In a year when the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is chair of the governing body of the UN’s Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), we write to express concern about U.S. efforts to force a UNODC retreat from support of syringe exchange and other measures proven to contain the spread of HIV […]

Letter to the Committee Against Torture (CAT) re: Torture and other ill-treatment against people who use drugs in Russia

“On behalf of the community of international civil society organizations working in the area of human rights and drug policy, we would like to draw your attention to the importance of the issue of torture and other ill-treatment of people who use drugs.”

Letter to the Ontario Judicial Council re: Conduct of Mr. Justice Jon-Jo Douglas

“We write to you to lodge formally a complaint regarding the conduct of Mr. Justice Jon-Jo Douglas, of the Ontario Court of Justice (Central East Region), in the recent proceeding of R. v. Wilde (accused charged with sexual assault allegedly committed upon the complainant during incarceration at the Central North Correctional Centre). . . “We […]

Letter to the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board re: Submission to PMPRB in response to “Price Increases for Patented Medicines: Discussion Paper”

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network is pleased to submit herewith material in response to the PMPRB’s recent discussion paper on the question of price increases in Canada for patented medicines.

Letter to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs re: Bill S-10

“As front-line organizations, researchers and experts who work with people who use drugs, we write to express our opposition to Bill S-10, an Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts. … Bill S-10 represents an intensification of punishment and imprisonment in response to […]

Letter to the Special Committee of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada re: TWU’s discriminatory law school

“As a member in good standing of the Law Society of Upper Canada, and on behalf of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, one of the world’s leading organizations tackling HIV-related human rights issues, I write to you to express our deep concern at the prospect that the Federation of Law Societies of Canada may accredit […]

Letter to the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development re: human rights in China

“As front-line organizations, researchers and experts who work with people who use drugs, we write to express our opposition to Bill S-10, an Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make related and consequential amendments to other Acts. … Bill S-10 represents an intensification of punishment and imprisonment in response to […]

Letter to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology re: Bill C-9 and the issue of NGO procurement of Canadian-made phramaceuticals

“As was requested by the Committee when we appeared before you on February 26, 2004, we have provided the Committee with our supplementary submissions regarding the alternatives to the ‘right of refusal’ that had been proposed to the Committee… “However, discussions at subsequent Committee meetings have indicated that Committee members are under a fundamental misapprehension […]

Letter to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology re: Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act

“I write to follow up on our previous submissions to the Standing Committee regarding Bill C-9, Canada’s laudable initiative to implement the WTO General Council Decision of August 30, 2003 to enable countries lacking sufficient pharmaceutical manufacturing capacity to ‘make effective use’ of compulsory licensing to obtain lower cost generic pharmaceutical products manufactured in Canada…”

Letter to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) re: Syringe Exchange

“We are writing to seek your assurance that the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) will remain faithful to its obligation to promote all effective measures to reduce HIV vulnerability among drug users. The enclosed letter, signed by 334 organizations and individuals in 56 countries, attests to the gravity of international concern surrounding an […]

Letter to the UN Secretary-General re: Exploitation by China of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

“As has been reported repeatedly in international media, since 1990 China has ‘celebrated’ the International Day by executing persons convicted of drug crimes. These executions are often held in public venues, such as stadiums, and sometimes shown on television. In addition to the basic due-process questions and other human rights concerns raised by these executions […]

Letter to the World Health Organization re: rescheduling of buprenorphine

“We have recently learned that the thirty-fourth Expert Committee On Drug Dependence (ECDD), which will meet in Geneva on 28–31 March, has included on its agenda a “final decision” on the rescheduling of buprenorphine, a medication used for pain relief and for the treatment of opiate dependence. We understand that under consideration is whether to […]

Love and Respect: Q&A on Jamaican TV ad court case

  In 2012, Jamaican human rights activists and AIDS-Free World produced “Love and Respect,” a short, 30-second video advertisement calling for respect for the basic human rights of Jamaican LGBTI people. However, television stations in Jamaica refused to air it as a paid advertisement. prompting this legal proceeding. Jamaican human rights activist, Maurice Tomlinson, is pursuing […]

 

MSM law in francophone Africa and the fight against AIDS: the hypocrisy of certain countries – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(3)

In addition to being the targets of frequent discrimination and violence, African men who have sex with men (MSM) are being hit hard by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Although there is still insufficient research regarding the methods of HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, several studies show that the prevalence of HIV infection among MSM is more […]

Making CAMR Work: Streamlining Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology regarding Bill C-393 (October 2010)

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) is not delivering on Parliament’s pledge to help developing countries get affordable medicines. The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network endorses the amendments proposed in Bill C-393 that will help fix the current, flawed Regime.

Making CAMR Work: Streamlining Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – Brief to the Senate Banking, Trade and Commerce Committee regarding Bill S-232

Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) is not delivering on Parliament’s pledge to help developing countries get affordable medicines. The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network endorses the amendments proposed in Bill S-232 that will help fix the current, flawed Regime.

Malawi’s Marital Property Law: Questions & Answers

How the property of couples is administered, owned and distributed at the end of a marriage has considerable relevance in the context of HIV/AIDS, especially in Malawi where women represent almost 60 percent of those over the age of 15 who are infected. Women and Law in Southern Africa Research Trust — Malawi (WLSA-Malawi) is […]

Male circumcision and HIV prevention: a human rights and public health challenge – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12(1)

In this article, Joanne Csete identifies some of the most important human rights questions that should be taken into account in the development of guidelines for national governments. The author argues that a scale-up of services to provide male circumcision provides an excellent opportunity to address issues concerning the subordination of women. Related Publications HIV/AIDS […]

Mandatory Minimum Incarceration for Drug Offences: Bad public policy: Submission to the Department of Justice

“There is no evidence that mandatory prison time for people convicted of drug offences reduces the problems associated with drug use, or drug use itself. “At the same time, there is a growing body of evidence that mandatory minimum sentences wreak terrible damage on individuals (particularly those who are dependent on drugs), families and communities, […]

Mandatory Minimum Sentences for Drug Offences: Why Everyone Loses

There has recently been a movement on the part of the newly elected federal government to consider mandatory sentences and stiff penalties for drug offenders. However, scientific evidence indicates that mandatory minimum sentences only worsen the health-related harms associated with incarceration by increasing the transmission of infectious disease in prisons.

Medicines for all? Commitment and compromise in the fight for Canada’s law on compulsory licensing for export

Article in “The Power of Pills — Social, Ethical & Legal Issues in Drug Development, Marketing and Pricing” (Pluto Books, 2006) In May 2004, Canada became the first country to enact detailed legislation to allow compulsory licensing of patented pharmaceuticals so that lower-cost, generic versions could be exported to eligible developing countries lacking the industrial […]

Misleading and Misguided: Mandatory Incarceration for Certain Drug Offences (September 2006) – Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C-9

Brief presented on September 26, 2006 to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (conditional sentence of imprisonment).

Misleading and Misguided: Mandatory Prison Sentences for Drug Offences (April 2009) – Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C-15

Brief for submission April 27, 2009 to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights regarding Bill C-15, An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts.

Misleading and Misguided: Mandatory Prison Sentences for Drug Offences (November 2009) – Brief to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs regarding Bill C-15

Brief presented November 18, 2009 to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs regarding Bill C-15, An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts.

 

NGO Statement to the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, 53rd Session

The Secretary-General has received the following statement, which is being circulated in accordance with paragraphs 36 and 37 of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/31.

NGO letter to Prime Minister of Thailand re: forced drug dependence ‘treatment’

“We write to express our grave concern at reports of the Thai government’s plans to round up and ‘treat’ 30,000 people who use drugs from 20-27 February…. We ask that the Government urgently clarify this strategy…. In particular: what is legal basis for any such detention en masse? What assessment of drug dependence will be […]

Needle Exchange Programs and the HIV Outbreak among Injection Drug Users in Vancouver, Canada: Addressing Some Common Misperceptions

The use of needle exchange programs (NEPs) has been associated with reductions in HIV infection in a number of settings. However, questions regarding NEP efficacy have persisted, and have been partially fuelled by misinterpretations of an early evaluation of NEP use and HIV prevalence in Vancouver, Canada. In this study, a higher HIV prevalence was […]

Needle and Syringe Programs and Bleach in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence

A substantial amount of scientific evidence has shown that needle and syringe programs (NSPs) in the community are the most effective intervention available to prevent HIV transmission associated with injecting drug use. As well, NSPs have been associated with increases in access to care and treatment among people who use such programs, and with substantial […]

Net(work) Gains: Annual Report 2014–2015

Highlights of our work in Canada and around the world from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015

Network News 1 – March 1999

In this issue: Welcome to Network News Highlights Recent Activities New Board Elected What Others Have Said Network Staff Resources

Network News 10 – July 2003

INSIDE THE NETWORK Team-based structure for Network staff Transitions Registration deadline for this year’s AGM and Skills Building Workshop fast approaching Identifying Allies: Community Physicians & Nurses who treat prisoners with HIV Summer students NETWORK NEWS FLASHES National Vaccine Strategy to be developed Capacity-building in Kenya and Zambia CARICOM national assessments on HIV/AIDS Ralf Jürgens […]

Network News 11 – August 2003

NETWORK NEWS FLASH New, Emerging, and Pressing Issue for 2003 – 2004: HIV and Prostitution Disclosure of HIV status after Cuerrier: issues for people with HIV/AIDS and community-based organizations Workshop on stigma & discrimination to be held 25 – 26 October Legal Network participates in WHO/UNAIDS consultations on vaccine trials The Legal Network offering capacity-building […]

Network News 12 – October 2003

NETWORK NEWS FLASH Save Lives Now: Network Works with other civil society organizations to Ensure that Canada’s Patent Act Is Amended After Cuerrier Comes Williams… Responding to Media and Public Questions about the Disclosure of HIV Status Harm Reduction in Vancouver: Research Provides Perspective on Policy, Practices Network to Co-Sponsor Montreal Screening of FIX Partnering […]

Network News 13 – January 2004

NETWORK NEWS FLASHES Advocates Build Joint Agenda for HIV Microbicides, Treatments and Vaccines Amendment to Canada’s Patent Act: More Work Needed Network Participates in Drafting of Warsaw Declaration A Plan of Action for Canada to Reduce HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination Mobilizing Communities to Take Action on Stigma and Discrimination Thai Network of Drug Users Extends […]

Network News 14 – March 2004

In this issue: Network Challenges Montréal Archbishop – And Wins! Canada’s Drug Patent Act Amendment Consultation on Sex Work Submission on sexual orientation to UN Commission on Human Rights Dublin Declaration on HIV/AIDS in Prisons Community Mobilization Workshop Microbicide, Treatment and Vaccine Advocacy Deadly Public Policy Inside the Network Coming Soon Feedback New Resources

Network News 15 – May 2004

In this issue: Canada Proceeds with Bill C-9: Will Exports of Low-Cost Medicines to Developing Countries be the Result? An Interview with Richard Elliott “We are Having an Impact”: Interview with Ralf Jürgens Update: 60th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights Progress on Joint Agenda for Microbicide, Treatment and Vaccines Advocates Cross-Canada Day […]

Network News 16 – July 2004

In this issue: Network plays key role in building a comprehensive, global response to HIV/AIDS as treatment, microbicide and vaccine advocates join forces Network Fights Discriminatory hiring practices at the Montreal Police Service Global Health is a Human Right garners widespread support HIV/AIDS, Prisoners, Human Rights and the Law Disclosure of HIV Status After Cuerrier: […]

Network News 17 – September 2004

In this issue: Joanne Csete to take helm: Network appoints new Executive Director Action and Activism at AIDS 2004 Drug Users and Prisoners Have Rights Too! Thai Drug Users’ Network Receives 2004 International Award for Action Treatment, Microbicide and Vaccine Activists Launch Joint Call for Action Inside the Network New Resources Fighting for the right […]

Network News 18 – December 2004

In this issue: Network undertakes major push for needle exchange programs in prisons Network joins Canadian microbicides coalition Health Canada funds new network projects Legal Network joins call to strip Thai PM of “Forgiveness Award” Advocating for Harm Reduction in the Ukraine Feedback New Resources Inside the Network

Network News 19 – March 2005

In this issue: Action Plan Targets HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination What is “MTV” and How Can You Support this Growing Movement? Support for Safer Tattooing in Prisons Needle Exchange in Prisons: Advocacy Update New Project to Offer Model HIV/AIDS Legislation Coming Soon New Resources Inside the Network 5 Feedback

Network News 2 – August 1999

In this issue: 1999 and 2000 Annual General Meetings Highlights Three-Year Project Funding Secured Recent Activities Resource Centre Now Open Partnership with the AIDS Law Project, South Africa Important Dates Comments and Feedback New Resources

Network News 20 – June 2005

In this issue: No more requirements for short-term visitors to Canada to disclose HIV status on visa application form Consolidation of Legal Network Offices in Toronto Episodic Disability Advocates Push for Income Security Harm Reduction under Attack: Key Moment for Support Network at UN Meeting on HIV/AIDS in prisons New Resources Feedback Inside the Network […]

Network News 21 – December 2005

In this issue: 2005 Annual General Meeting features awards and lively debate Legal Network discusses model legislation project in Vilnius Network staff share ideas and mentoring at Skills Symposium The Legal Network in the news Report focuses on greater involvement of people who use drugs Blueprint for Action on Women and HIV/AIDS: Towards 2006 Inside […]

Network News 22 – March 2006

In this issue: Canada Votes 2006 Legal Network advises CARICOM on legal services Legal Network staff attend Foreign Affairs Canada consultation Bringing the voices of people who use drugs to the national stage “Sex, work, rights” at Alberta Harm Reduction Conference Sex work presentation to PHAC Montréal event highlights situation of homeless people The Legal […]

Network News 23 – June 2006

In this issue: Legal Network challenges federal crime bill Federal AIDS funding: more administration, less action? 15th Annual Canadian Conference on HIV/AIDS Research Legal Network represented at high-level UN meeting Legal Network contributes to CARICOM meeting on HIV and human rights Canadian Coalition of People Who Use Drugs Legal Network discusses sex worker rights with […]

Network News 24 – September 2006

In this issue: Legal Network in spotlight at AIDS 2006 Legal Network, GTAG launch platform for action Legal Network gathers global AIDS and law experts Legal Network raises drug policy issues with federal minister Legal Network advocates for Insite extension Harm reduction in Russia Model legislation on drug use and HIV/AIDS Human rights at World […]

Network News 25 – December 2006

In this issue: AGM honours Jamaican hero, Stella, offers rights-centred workshops Missing the point: Ottawa cancels pilot prison tattooing program Legal Network calls for reforms to law on generic medicine exports Minster of Health reviewing Federal Initiative on HIV/AIDS Commons report on prostitution fails sex workers Nairobi consultation on women’s rights Legal Network testifies before […]

Network News 3 – December 1999

In this issue: www.aidslaw.ca — Now over ½ million hits! Minister Rock Responds to Network’s Report on Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS 1999 AGM Highlights Important Dates Work Has Started on Rapid Testing Care, Treatment, and Support Project Underway Project News Other Network News 1999/2000 Board Network Staff and Interns Comments and Feedback New Resources

Network News 4 – April 2000

In this issue: Justice Krever and VANDU at Network AGM Network Report on Rapid HIV Screening Released Putting Third First Building Capacity Care, Treatment, and Support – Advisory Committee Established Projects News Other Network News Important Dates Comments and Feedback New Resources

Network News 5 – October 2000

In this issue: Network Appears Before House of Commons Committee Immigration and HIV/AIDS Becomes Priority Reports on Aboriginal People and HIV/AIDS Released 2000 AGM Highlights Work Starts on Drug Pricing and Related Questions The Network in Durban Project News Other Network News 2000/2001 Board Network Staff, Interns, and Visitors Important Dates Comments and Feedback New […]

Network News 6 – February 2001

In this issue: Network Welcomes 200th Member Network Participates in United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) Listserv Launched Guiding Principles for International Program Immigration and HIV/AIDS Project News Other Network News Network Staff Important Dates Comments and Feedback

Network News 7 – July 2001

In this issue: Join the Listserv! Partial Victory on Immigration and HIV/AIDS Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS The Network Has Moved Network Starts Community-Based Research Project Evaluation Demonstrates Network’s Impact Global Access to Treatment Network Staff and Board Important Dates New Resources

Network News 8 – January 2002

In this issue: Network Planning Regional Workshops New Report on Complementary/Alternative Health Care and HIV/AIDS Network Opposes Compulsory HIV Testing 2001 AGM Highlights Health Canada Responds to IDU Report Consultation with Members Comments and Feedback Meeting with the Prime Minister Other Network News 2001/2002 Board Network Interns, Summer Students, and Staff Important Dates New Resources

Network News 9 – April 2003

In this issue: Report Card on HIV/AIDS in Prisons 2002 AGM Highlights Awards for Action on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights CIDA Funds Network Project in Kenya, Zambia New Project to Address Disability, Income Security Comments and Feedback Other Network News 2002/2003 Board Network Staff, Interns, and Summer Students Important Dates New Resources

Not Up to the Challenge of Change: An analysis of the report of the Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws

This briefing paper critiques the report of the House of Commons Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws in detail. It also summarizes the Legal Network’s analysis of the criminal law’s impact on sex workers and calls on federal politicians to show real leadership by standing up for the human rights of sex workers in Canada.

Nothing About Us Without Us – A manifesto by people who use illegal drugs

This manifesto was made by people who use drugs. Participants in the project expressed their hope that people who use drugs around the world will either adopt this manifesto, or use it as the basis for creating their own manifesto. Related Publications «Ничего для нас без нас» — Манифест людей, имеющих опыт употребления наркотиков  (Russian version) […]

Nothing About Us Without Us – Greater, Meaningful Involvement of People Who Use Illegal Drugs: A Public Health, Ethical, and Human Rights Imperative (Canadian edition)

This report examines — from an international perspective — why it is important to increase meaningful involvement of people who use illegal drugs in the response to HIV and hepatitis C (HCV), and how this can be done.

Nothing About Us Without Us – Greater, Meaningful Involvement of People Who Use Illegal Drugs: A manifesto by people who use illegal drugs

Nothing About Us Without Us – Greater, Meaningful Involvement of People Who Use Illegal Drugs: A public health, ethical, and human rights imperative

This booklet summarizes the main issues addressed in the Legal Network’s paper on greater involvement of people who use illegal drugs. In particular, it explains why people who use illegal drugs must be meaningfully involved in Canada’s response to HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C (HCV), and injection drug use, and the benefits of greater involvement. The booklet […]

Nothing About Us Without Us – Greater, meaningful involvement of people who use illegal drugs: A public health, ethical, and human rights imperative (International edition)

This report examines — from an international perspective — why it is important to increase meaningful involvement of people who use illegal drugs in the response to HIV and hepatitis C (HCV), and how this can be done. Related Publications «Ничего для нас без нас» — Расширение значимого участия людей, имеющих опыт употребления наркотиков  (Russian version)

Notice of Application to Ontario Superior Court of Justice

BETWEEN: STEVEN SIMONS, CANADIAN HIV/AIDS LEGAL NETWORK, PRISONERS WITH HIV/AIDS SUPPORT ACTION NETWORK, CANADIAN ABORIGINAL AIDS NETWORK and CATIE (Applicants) – and – MINISTER OF PUBLIC SAFETY, CORRECTIONAL SERVICE OF CANADA, COMMISSIONER OF THE CORRECTIONAL SERVICE OF CANADA and ATTORNEY GENERAL OF CANADA (Respondents) APPLICATION UNDER Rule 14.05 of the Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. […]

 

Occupational Exposure to HBV, HCV, or HIV

This is one of a series of seven info sheets: Risks of Transmission Management of Exposure Post-exposure Prophylaxis Testing for Infection Information from the Source Person Calls for Compulsory Testing of Source Persons Readings and Resources

Occupational Exposure to HIV and Forced HIV Testing: Questions and Answers

These questions and answers explain how forced HIV testing is a serious violation of constitutional rights and rules of professional ethics. They also provide information about occupational exposure to HIV, about how information about the source person can – and cannot – help the exposed worker, and about better ways to respond to occupational exposure […]

On Point: Recommendations for Prison-Based Needle and Syringe Programs in Canada

This report is the culmination of a multi-phase, multi-year undertaking that involved broad consultation and primary research to create recommendations for implementing prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs), which provide sterile injection equipment to prisoners who inject drugs and help prevent the spread of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV), in Canadian federal prisons. The report highlights […]

Open Letter on the Extrajudicial Killing of People Who Use Drugs in the Philippines

“Since the election of President Rodrigo Duterte, more than 3000 people in the Philippines have been executed without due process for allegedly selling or using drugs. President Duterte has publicly and repeatedly incited law enforcement and the general public to commit these murders and other acts of vigilante violence. Duterte’s political rhetoric is becoming increasingly […]

Open Letter to Government Ministers Re: Renegotiating TPP

“We write to you in advance of Canada’s meeting with senior trade officials from TPP countries on May 2–3 in Toronto to map out the future of the agreement in light of the United States’ withdrawal. This meeting presents a critical opportunity for Canada to demonstrate human rights leadership—both nationally and globally. “As it stands, […]

Open Letter to Trade Ministers Meeting in Chile, 14–15 March 2017

It is clear that the withdrawal of the United States means that the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement as previously negotiated is dead. As representatives of many millions of people in a wide range of unions, civil society groups and social movements, we believe that the TPP text, negotiated in secret, served the interests of large […]

Open Letter to the Board and Executive Director of The Global Fund re: Funding target of the 5th Replenishment

“The launch of the Global Fund’s 5th Replenishment comes at a critical moment as civil society challenges world leaders to deliver on their commitment to accelerate the end of the epidemics by 2030. The Global Fund’s 5th Replenishment will be a test of global commitments to delivering on the new Sustainable Development Goals and a […]

Open Letter to the Government of Canada re: Urgent action to prevent further human rights violations against LGBTQ people and end hate laws

“We welcome your public statements as Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs condemning the adoption of anti‐LGBTQ laws in Russia, Nigeria and Uganda…. However, such statements are not enough…. We therefore call upon the Government of Canada to act, individually and in concert with other like‐minded governments, to defend the fundamental human rights of LGBTQ people. […]

Open Letter to the Government of the Dominican Republic Regarding the Bill to Establish “Zones of Tolerance” for Sex Workers

“The undersigned, supporters and representatives of sex workers and organizations and individuals advocating for human rights, are deeply concerned with [the Bill]. While we understand the Government’s concern for the health and well-being of its citizens, the bill violates a range of human rights which will contribute to a climate of intolerance that will only […]

Open letter from civil society to Executive Director of the Global Fund: Abandon the “blue-ribbon Task Force to develop a global framework on tiered-pricing”

“We, the undersigned organizations and activists from the global South and North, are writing to urge the Global Fund to abandon its attempt to launch a “blue-ribbon Task Force” that will focus primarily on developing a global multi-tiered pricing framework for middle-income countries (MICs), which we believe would permanently undermine access to more affordable medicines, […]

Open letter to Prime Minister from NGOs: Canada must stand fast in Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations to defend access to affordable medicines

“We are Canadian civil society organizations committed to the basic principle that access to medicines and to health care should be equitable, based on need and not on ability to pay, whether at home or around the world. Medicines should not be a luxury. We call on the Government of Canada to reject any proposals […]

Open letter to all members of Parliament re: Patents and generic drugs in the WTO Ministerial Declaration

“As humanitarian, human rights, and development organisations actively engaged in the Canadian and international responses to the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, we wish to raise with you our grave concerns about current discussions at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) regarding the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“the TRIPS Agreement”), and Canada’s role in […]

Open letter to the Government of Macedonia re: the detention, compulsory medical testing and criminal prosecution of alleged sex workers

“On this day, the International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers, the undersigned, supporters and representatives of sex workers and organizations and individuals advocating for human rights, strongly condemn police actions in relation to the recent mass arrest of alleged sex workers in Skopje, Macedonia.”

Open letter to the Government of Malawi: Civil society organizations call for the repeal of discriminatory laws and the dismissal of charges in Malawi same-sex case

“We, the undersigned organizations, write to express our deep concern at the imprisonment and prosecution of Steven Monjeza and Tiwonge Chimbalanga under provisions of Malawi’s penal code criminalizing private sexual behaviour. We further call on Malawian authorities to drop all charges against both men and repeal sections 153 and 156 of the penal law.”

Opioid Substitution Therapy in Prisons: Reviewing the Evidence

A wealth of scientific evidence has shown that methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is the most effective intervention available for the treatment of opiate dependence. MMT has been associated with reductions in risk behaviour, illicit drug use, criminal behaviour, participation in sex work, unemployment, mortality, and HIV transmission. Many of the concerns raised about MMT have […]

Oral Intervention to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Civil and Political Rights (Agenda Item 11)

“The fight against the criminalization of gay men and lesbians through so called “sodomy laws” stood at the beginning of the more than 100 years old movement of LGBT people for emancipation and equality before the law. Indeed it still is our most basic demand today . . . .”

Oral Intervention to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Other vulnerable groups and individuals (Agenda Item 14(d))

Human Rights are for all humans, but we usually do not enjoy these fundamental freedoms, because we are not perceived as having rights or humanity. “On a daily basis, we face abuse ranging from being cursed and sworn at; to being made to feel that we are less human than others; rejected by our families, […]

Oral Intervention to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Protection and promotion of human rights (Agenda Item 17)

“Chairperson, distinguished delegates: the era of silence is over. In ever-increasing numbers, lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender people, our friends, supporters and allies are raising our voices, and we seek no more than the recognition of our inherent right to be treated with the equal dignity and respect to which all members of the human family […]

Oral Intervention to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Violence Against Women (Agenda Item 12)

“One night, not long ago, a mother was beating her daughter. She was placed in a sack, hung from the ceiling, and beaten by a broom again and again. The daughter was made to kneel on painful rocks or dry mung beans, arms stretched out, both hands holding glasses of water, and told to hold […]

Outcomes of the Symposium on HIV Testing and Human Rights

There are increasing calls by public health authorities and policy-makers to modify or abandon the well-established model of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in favour of models that do not necessarily preserve the elements of informed consent, pre- and post-test counselling and confi dentiality of test results. This report summarizes the conclusions of […]

 

Parallel Submission for 62 Session with Respect to Russia

Full title: Parallel Submission for 62 Session with respect to Russia in addition to the Shadow Report to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights concerning the access of people who inject drugs to drug treatment and HIV prevention, care and treatment programs This document presents information gathered for the Committee by the Public Mechanism […]

Part of the Solution: A Plan of Action for Canada to Reduce HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination

The Legal Network consulted with people from all over Canada to develop “A Plan of Action for Canada to Reduce HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination.” We listened to men and women living with HIV/AIDS, people who inject illegal drugs, HIV-positive youth, lesbian/gay/bi/trans people, Aboriginal people and people from other ethno-cultural communities. This booklet summarizes the Plan […]

Patents, International Trade Law, and Access to Essential Medicines

This Q&A answers some common questions about patents and international trade agreements. The rules on drug patents in international trade agreements and domestic laws affect the availability and affordability of medicines. This document explains the connection between patent issues and access to affordable drugs, to help inform advocates for the health of people in developing […]

Pledges and pitfalls: Canada’s legislation on compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals for export – International Journal of Intellectual Property Management, Vol. 1, Nos. 1/2, 2006

In May 2004, at the urging of civil society advocates, Canada became the first country to enact detailed legislation implementing the August 2003 decision of the World Trade Organization allowing compulsory licensing of pharmaceutical patents in a WTO Member for the purpose of exporting lower-cost generic products to countries lacking sufficient capacity to manufacture their […]

Poverty Reduction in Focus: The real connection between development and drugs control – policy statement to the UN General Assembly

“The concept note prepared by the Secretariat for the UN General Assembly session on drugs and development emphasizes the importance of drug-related crime and corruption as impediments to development and the realization of the Millennium Development Goals. … But focusing on crime and corruption without including attention to poverty as an important root cause of […]

Prepared Testimony before House of Commons Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology, Parliament of Canada

Prevention and Protection: Enhancing Both HIV Testing and Human Rights in Canada

The goal of widely available and utilized HIV testing services can be pursued in many ways. At the federal level and in some provinces, governments in Canada state their commitment to human rights-based responses to HIV/AIDS. This not only means ensuring access to HIV testing as part of protecting and promoting the right to health, […]

Prison Needle Exchange: Lessons from a Comprehensive Review of International Evidence and Experience (Second Edition, 2006)

This report examines the issue of prison needle exchange based upon the international experience and evidence current to April 2006. The authors undertook a literature review, visited prisons in four countries, and corresponded with people responsible for administering prison needle exchange programs. The report provides a comprehensive review of the evidentiary and legal basis for […]

Prison needle and syringe programs: policy brief

This document presents evidence and recommendations in support of implementing prison-based needle and syringe programs in Canada. (updated February 2017)

Prison needle exchange programs work: A review of international evidence and expertise – Presentation at the XV International AIDS Conference

Prison needle exchange: A review of international evidence and expertise – Poster at the XV International AIDS Conference

Prisoners Who Inject Drugs: Public Health and Human Rights Imperatives – Health and Human Rights: An International Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2005

This article examines the human rights and public health implications of injection drug use in prisons with a specific focus on HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses. The authors argue that prisoners who inject drugs have a right to access harm reduction measures — those that reduce the harmful consequences of drug use without necessarily […]

Prisoners’ health and human rights in the HIV/AIDS epidemic – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(3), December 2004

This article by Glenn Betteridge provides a summary of a draft paper prepared for “Human Rights at the Margins: HIV/AIDS, Prisoners, Drug Users and the Law”, a satellite meeting held in Bangkok on 9 July 2004, and organized by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit (India). The article reviews some […]

Privacy Protection and the Disclosure of Health Information: Legal Issues for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

This report focuses on three important areas of concern: the lack of adequate and effective protections in Canadian law for the right of people living with HIV/AIDS to keep their personal health information private; clauses in legislation that permit a person to disclose another person’s personal health information, including the health information of a person […]

Privacy and Disclosure for Youth Living with HIV or Hep C: Questions and Answers

This guide is for youth between the ages of 15 and 29 and focuses on some of the factors at play when young people living with HIV or hepatitis C (Hep C) are thinking about telling others about their HIV or Hep C status.

Privacy and disclosure: questions and answers on HIV-related privacy and disclosure issues for women’s service providers

This document addresses some common HIV-related legal questions of agencies that provide services to women in Canada. The information will help service providers inform and refer the women with whom they work to appropriate legal information and support when necessary. It will also present them with guidance about their responsibilities with respect to HIV-related information. […]

Proceedings: Global Networking for AIDS, Law and Human Rights

Global Networking for AIDS, Law and Human Rights was a one-day satellite held on 12 August 2006 in Toronto, Canada, in conjunction with the XVI International Conference on HIV/AIDS. Invitations to the satellite were extended to leaders from around the world in the area of AIDS, law and human rights. The purpose of the satellite […]

Programming HIV/AIDS: a human rights approach – A tool for international development and community-based organizations responding to HIV/AIDS (Canadian version)

The tool was prepared with reference to Government of Canada policies and practices, and the primary audience is program staff in Canada in non-governmental development organizations community based AIDS organizations the private sector who prepare funding proposals, and manage and evaluate projects or programs, which address HIV/AIDS and related issues in developing countries and countries […]

Promoting HIV and hepatitis C prevention programming for prisoners in Canada: Strategic directions for action

This summary of strategic directions is based on the report Hard Time: Promoting HIV and Hepatitis C Prevention Programming for Prisoners in Canada by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and Prisoners’ HIV/AIDS Support Action Network (PASAN).

Promoting Smart Policy on Drugs: Brief to the Canadian delegation to the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs

“The Canadian Drug Policy Coalition and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network are participating in the civil society processes preparing for the upcoming 57th Session of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), and the High-Level Segment that will immediately precede it, in Vienna in March 2014. We urge the Canadian delegation to emphasize the following […]

Promoting Smart Policy on Drugs: Brief to the Minister of Health

“The UN General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS) in April 2016 is a significant opportunity for Canada

Protecting the Human Rights of People Living with or at Risk of HIV in the Criminal Law: Submission to the Department of Justice

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (“Legal Network”) welcomes this opportunity to provide submissions to the Department of Justice on how the Canadian criminal law should be transformed. “In this submission, the Legal Network sets out its concerns about Canada’s criminal justice system, focusing on (i) the overly broad criminalization of HIV non-disclosure; (ii) the criminalization […]

Protection against discrimination based on HIV/AIDS status in Canada: the legal framework – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 10(1)

This article examines the ways in which Canadian law currently protects people against discrimination based on HIV/AIDS status. The article also reviews the equality rights provision of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; federal, provincial, and territorial anti-discrimination statutes and policies; and some of the key cases that have applied and developed these legislative […]

Provision of HIV-Related Services to People Who Inject Drugs: A Discussion of Ethical Issues

The paper attempts to determine how health-care and service providers confront ethical dilemmas on a practical level; and to provide, based on their responses, a general set of ethical decision-making guidelines.

 

Quebec: An outbreak of HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 9(1), August 2004

In the space of a few weeks in January 2004, actions by three different institutions in Quebec combined to threaten the human rights of people living with HIV/AIDS, raise the spectre of mandatory HIV testing, and create unnecessary public fears about the spread of HIV infection. In response to what they called “the worst weeks […]

 

RESPECT FOR COMMUNITIES ACT: The Case for Repeal

The so-called Respect for Communities Act was passed in 2015 in the last Parliament, with the clear goal of impeding the expansion of supervised consumption services (SCS). The Act is an affront to the extensive scientific evidence of the need for such health services and their benefits — including connecting people to other health care […]

RETHINKING JUSTICE: 7th Symposium on HIV, Law and Human Rights: Report

Since 2009, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network has organized a number of symposia on HIV, Law and Human Rights. The issue of criminalization of HIV non-disclosure has been and remains an ongoing issue of concern to people living with HIV, community organizations, service providers and human rights advocates; therefore, it has been the subject of […]

Rapid HIV Screening at the Point of Care: Legal and Ethical Questions

The report: explains rapid HIV testing technologies; describes the status of rapid HIV test kits in Canada; presents an overview of the Canadian regulatory framework applicable to the approval and use of rapid test kits; provides a comprehensive evaluation of the potential benefits of making rapid HIV testing at the point of care available in […]

Realising the right to health: access to HIV/AIDS-related medication – Speaking notes to a panel sponsored by UNAIDS, OHCHR and WHO

At least three international developments are worth noting: the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS in June 2001; the establishment of a Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; and the Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health adopted at the recent 4th WTO Ministerial Conference (Doha, November 2001).

Reason and rights in global drug control policy – Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), 172 (5), March 2005

Among a number of compelling reasons for the international community to reconsider the “war on drugs,” the HIV/AIDS epidemic is the most urgent. The prevailing emphasis on law enforcement in drug policy has failed to produce its purported benefits, yet many countries insist on enforcing prohibition and resist the implementation of evidence-based measures to reduce […]

Recalibrating the Regime: The Need for a Human Rights-Based Approach to International Drug Policy

In three parts, this report: presents a critical analysis of the UN systems of drug control and human rights, and their relative relationship within overall UN governance, and outlines the basis for the primacy of human rights; highlights the multiple ways in which the enforcement of drug prohibition, the dominant approach of the UN drug […]

Recent Developments in Privacy Legislation – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 8(2)

In this article, Ruth Carey takes a critical look at recent privacy-of-personal information legislation drafted in three Canadian provinces — Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia. Related Publications HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 8(2) August 2003

Recent changes to visitor visa process affecting entry into Canada for people living with HIV/AIDS

This work is part of larger, ongoing efforts to ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS, and especially those from developing countries, do not encounter unnecessary barriers in seeking to visit Canada.

Reckless Endangerment — Q&A on Bill C-36: Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act

In December 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada unanimously decided that several parts of Canada’s Criminal Code dealing with prostitution are unconstitutional because

Recommendations for Aligning Canada’s International Obligations with the Country’s New Legal Framework for Cannabis

“As Canada prepares to enact legislation that will legalize and regulate cannabis, the government should begin to explore Canada’s options for ensuring that the country’s international legal obligations are brought into alignment with its new legal framework for cannabis. Canada’s reform will inevitably involve entering into non-compliance with specific elements of the UN drug control […]

Recommendations to Canada: Submission to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

Racialized communities are disproportionately charged, prosecuted and incarcerated in Canada under laws that criminalize people who use drugs, depriving them of their rights to equal treatment in the justice system, to security of the person, and to health and social services. Canada’s failure to provide prisoners, who are disproportionately Indigenous and Black, with equivalent access […]

Redoubling global efforts to support HIV/AIDS and human rights – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(1)

In this article — based on a public lecture he gave at “From Evidence and Principle to Policy and Action,” the 2nd Annual Symposium on HIV, Law and Human Rights, held on 10–12 June 2010 in Toronto, Canada — Michel Kazatchkine, Executive Director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, discusses how […]

Reducing stigma and discrimination through the protection of privacy and confidentiality

This resource explains the important role of privacy and confidentiality in reducing stigma and discrimination related to STBBIs, and offers frontline health and social service providers several strategies they can use to deal with issues related to privacy, confidentiality, the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure and stigma reduction.

Reforming Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR): Bill C-393 – Finding the Expeditious Solution

In February 2010, a varied group of legal experts on intellectual property law and access to medicines from North America, Africa and Europe were brought together at the UNDP headquarters in New York City to discuss inter alia whether the reforms proposed to Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) by Bill C‐393 are compliant with […]

Report to the International Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR): Adoption of the list of issues with regard to Uzbekistan, March 2013

As of January 1, 2012 there were 21,524 people living with HIV officially registered in Uzbekistan; 44.6% of them are identified as people who inject drugs. Injecting drug use is the main risk factor driving the epidemic in Uzbekistan.   Related Publications Параллельный Доклад Международному КЭСКП — К вопросу о принятии списка вопросов Правительству Узбекистана(Russian […]

Resolving Legal, Ethical and Human Rights Challenges in HIV Vaccine Research – A Discussion Paper

The purpose of this paper is to review legal, ethical, and human rights challenges in HIV vaccine research, and to identify actions that need to occur in order to overcome these challenges. The paper specifically addresses challenges arising in the context of HIV preventive vaccine research in developing countries. It does not aim to address […]

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS

This project draws together international human rights law and illustrative examples from various jurisdictions as the basis for a legal framework to respect, protect and promote women’s rights in the context of HIV/AIDS. It is intended as a tool to assist advocates and policy-makers as they approach the task of reforming or developing laws to […]

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume One. Module 1: Rape and Sexual Assault

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume One. Module 2: Domestic Violence

This project draws together international human rights law and illustrative examples from various jurisdictions as the basis for a legal framework to respect, protect and promote women’s rights in the context of HIV/AIDS. It is intended as a tool to assist advocates and policy-makers as they approach the task of reforming or developing laws to […]

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 1: Marriage

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 2: Domestic Partnerships

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 3: Property in Marriage

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 4: Divorce

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 5: Inheritance

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respect, Protect and Fulfill: Legislating for Women’s Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS – Volume Two. Module 6: Implementation Provisions

This project consists of eight modules in two volumes: Volume One: Sexual and Domestic Violence Rape and Sexual Assault Domestic Violence Volume Two: Family and Property Issues Marriage Domestic Partnerships Property in Marriage Divorce Inheritance Implementation Provisions

Respecting and Promoting the Realization of Women’s Marital Property Rights in Malawi

WLSA–Malawi is challenging Malawi’s approach to marital property law before the Constitutional Court of Malawi because it discriminates against women. They are fighting for an approach to marital property that would give a husband and wife equal control and ownership over property obtained during the subsistence of the marriage during marriage, and half the value […]

Responding to the Criminalization of HIV Transmission or Exposure: Resources for lawyers and advocates

In response to the increasing use of criminal law internationally, as well as to the great need to develop tools for lawyers representing people living with HIV, this resource kit provides both informative documentation to support lawyers in the preparation of their cases and selected publications that can ultimately be presented in court.

Responses to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Questionnaire on human rights challenges and responses in the context of HIV and AIDS in Canada

Review of Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime – Legal Network submission to the Government of Canada

“We write in response to the Consultation Paper released in November 2006 as part of the government’s review of what is now described as ‘Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime’ (CAMR), the legislative scheme under the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act to enable compulsory licensing of patented pharmaceuticals for the purpose of exporting […]

Review of Canada’s Compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network submits this briefing to the United Nations (UN) Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in advance of its review of the periodic report of Canada, held during its 65th session from 24 October to 18 November 2016. “In this submission, the Legal Network sets out its concerns about Canada’s […]

Review of Canada’s Compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network submits this briefing to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in advance of its review of the periodic report of Canada, held during its 93rd session from July 31 to August 25, 2017. “[T]he Legal Network has focused this briefing on its concerns about Canada’s implementation of […]

Review of Canada’s Compliance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network submits this briefing to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in advance of its review of the periodic report of Canada, held during its 17th session from 20 March to 12 April 2017. “In this submission, the Legal Network sets out some selected concerns about the implementation […]

Russian Drug Policy as a Distorting Reflection of the UN Drug Conventions — Submission to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, May 2015

This paper is drafted by members of the Russian Civil Society Mechanism for Monitoring of Drug Policy Reforms in Russia, with technical assistance of the Andrey Rylkov Foundation for Health and Social Justice and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, and in response to the letter of April 16, 2015 from Nathalie Prouvez, OHCHR Chief of […]

 

SLAHM Letter to Prime Minister Jean Chrétien

Saving Lives, Protecting Health: Strengthening Bill C-37 to expand and expedite access to supervised consumption sites

“In keeping with the government’s stated commitment to harm reduction and to evidence-based policy, the Legal Network recommends two amendments to strengthen Bill C-37, with a view to ensuring the legislative framework for securing exemptions from the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act is simple, straightforward and expeditious.”

Scaling up HIV testing: Are we ready to throw out human rights protections – Presentation at the XVI International AIDS Conference

Scaling up HIV testing: human rights and hidden costs – HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 11(1)

The calls for provider-initiated routine HIV testing are growing more intense. In this article, Joanne Csete and Richard Elliott discuss the human rights and ethical issues raised by the routine testing approach. Some points in this paper are inspired by an international expert meeting on HIV testing and human rights convened by the Center for […]

Second on the needle: Two-level strategy for claiming the rights of women who use drugs – Presentation at the XVI International AIDS Conference

Sex Offender Registries: Fact Sheet

This fact sheet discusses common questions regarding sex offender registries in Canada in the context of the criminal law and HIV non-disclosure. This is general legal information and not legal advice. If you want legal advice specific to your situation, you should talk to a lawyer.

Sex Work Law Reform in Canada: Considering Problems with the Nordic Model (Journal Article)

The Nordic model is a piece of legislation, passed in Sweden in 1999, which criminalizes the purchase of sex. In Canada, exchanging sex for money is not illegal, but virtually every activity associated with prostitution is. Following the Ontario Court of Appeal’s decision in Bedford v. Canada, the question of what type of legislation is […]

Sex Work Law Reform in Canada: Considering problems with the Nordic model

This policy brief considers the impact of the “Swedish” or “Nordic” model on sex workers and, in light of its harmful effects, argues that this approach would not withstand constitutional scrutiny in Canada.

Sex Workers, Unite! (Litigating for Sex Workers’ Freedom of Association in Russia)

The existing legal framework in Russia makes sex work and related activities punishable offenses, leaving sex workers stigmatized, vulnerable to violence, and disproportionally affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. In light of international human rights standards, in particular the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, we examine in this paper whether […]

Sex, Work, Rights: Reforming Canadian criminal laws on prostitution

This report is the product of a two-year project on criminal law, prostitution and the health and safety of sex workers in Canada. We conducted a literature review; interviewed key informants (including through a collaboration with the Native Friendship Centre of Montréal); and held a two-day consultation in February 2004 attended by sex workers, former […]

Sex, criminal law and HIV non-disclosure (video)

This short, two-part video series addresses the urgent, pressing legal issue of criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada,

Sex, work, rights: Changing Canada’s criminal laws to protect sex workers’ health and human rights

This booklet explains how Canada’s criminal laws related to prostitution affect the health and the human rights of sex workers. It recommends changes to those laws to improve the lives of sex workers. We hope it will be useful to sex workers who are already fighting for their rights every day, and to others who […]

Sex, work, rights: reforming Canadian criminal laws on prostitution – Speaking Notes 7th Alberta Harm Reduction Conference, Lethbridge

Shadow Report to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in relation to the review of the 6th Periodic Report of the Russian Federation

With this report we would like to inform the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) about serious violations of Articles 3 and 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

Shelley v. the United Kingdom: Response to the submission of the U.K. government

After filing a submission to the European Court of Human Rights regarding this prisoner’s case against the British government, the Legal Network and the Irish Penal Reform Trust were invited to prepare a supplementary submission in reply to the U.K. government’s observations. To read the original submission, see “Related Publications” below.

Shelley v. the United Kingdom: Submissions of the Intervenors in the European Court of Human Rights

In 2005, courts in the United Kingdom dismissed a prisoner’s case against the British government. The prisoner was seeking a court order to force the government to implement sterile syringe programs in prisons as a measure to reduce the risk of infection with blood-borne diseases such as HIV through the sharing of drug injection equipment. […]

Speaking Notes – Press Conference, Ottawa, April 11, 2002

Speaking Notes – Testimony to the House of Commons Subcommittee on Solicitation Laws

“This year we will be producing a full length report, provisionally titled: Prostitution under the Canadian Criminal Code: Principles for Law Reform in the Context of HIV/AIDS. We will make the report available to the Subcommittee. Today I will provide a very short summary of selected sections of that report . . . .”

Statement in reaction to political statement of the 59th Commission on the Status of Women

“We, the undersigned non-governmental organizations and activists working for the promotion and protection of human rights and empowerment of all persons, regardless of their sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or intersex status, would like to express both disappointment and cautious optimism on the occasion of the adoption of the Political Declaration at the 59th […]

Statement of Common Agenda on Disability, Full Participation and Work

We call upon the federal and provincial governments and private insurance companies to work with each other and with people living with disabilities to bring about long-overdue reform.

Statement on Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act

Statement on the occasion of the Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization

“In a matter of days, government delegates will be gathering in Hong Kong for the latest landmark event in the ongoing process of economic globalization — the Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO). We, members of civil society from developed and developing countries, concerned about the impact of this process on the […]

Statement to Canadian Parliamentarians Opposing Bill C-2, An Act to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act

“We strongly oppose Bill C-2 and ask our elected representatives to reject it and, instead of creating barriers, increase access to evidence-based prevention, harm reduction and treatment services in Canada. Our communities deserve better.”

Statement to UN Human Rights Council, 19th Session, Thematic Panel Discussion on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights re: criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission

“There are many human rights challenges that must be tackled in order to respond effectively to the ongoing, twinned pandemics of HIV and of HIV-related human rights abuses … we wish to highlight one phenomenon of growing global concern and relevance. “The epidemic of overly broad criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, exposure or transmission has: led […]

Statement to the Commission on Human Rights re: Vulnerable Groups (Item 14)

“The International Service for Human Rights, the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and the Human Rights Council of Australia acknowledge at the outset the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender members of government and other delegations throughout this room. We know that many of you are unable to express your sexual orientation or gender identity for fear […]

Statement to the Human Rights Council re: Marginalised groups, sexual orientation and gender identity

Joint written statement submitted by: Action Canada for Population and Development, Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Center for Women’s Global Leadership, Global Rights, International Service for Human Rights, International Women\’s Health Coalition, and Women for Women’s Human Rights (New Ways), non-governmental organizations in special consultative status.

Statement to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology

Statement to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology from the YWCA

Statement to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: HIV/AIDS, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Non-discrimination (Item 6)

This statement first examines the connection between non-discrimination and effective responses to HIV/AIDS, and then sets out existing language by UN Treaty Bodies and Special Procedures which confirms that the right of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgendered people to be protected from discrimination is already established in international human rights law.

Statement to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Specific Groups and Individuals

The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network is a signatory to this statement.

Statement to the UN Commission on Human Rights re: Specific Groups and Individuals: Other Vulnerable Groups and Individuals (Items 14(d) and 17)

This statement first examines the connection between non-discrimination and effective responses to HIV/AIDS, and then sets out existing language by UN Treaty Bodies and Special Procedures which confirms that the right of lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgendered people to be protected from discrimination is already established in international human rights law.

Statement to the WHO-UNAIDS Consultation on Gender, Age and Race Factors in HIV Vaccine-related Research and Clinical Trials

“This presentation will touch on all of these issues as well, but from a different perspective: the perspective of human rights. In particular, we have heard a lot today about bioethics, which focuses on questions about what is right and wrong or more right or less wrong, and is informed by guidelines such as the […]

Statement to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention re: Egyptian arrests (Item 3)

“[T]he Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in 2002 condemned the detention of men in Egypt on the basis of consensual homosexual conduct. In this case, the same law is being used to arrest and abuse people because of their actual or presumed HIV serostatus. Forcible HIV testing also violates basic rights to privacy and to […]

Steps forward, backward, and sideways: Canada’s bill on exporting generic pharmaceuticals – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(3)

This article is the second in a series tracing the evolution of Canada’s legislation. It reviews the developments leading up to the adoption of Bill C-9 in its final form, and analyzes its positive and negative aspects. Hopefully, other advocates can learn from this experience and other countries can avoid replicating the negative aspects as […]

Sticking Points: Barriers to Access to Needle and Syringe Programs in Canada

Needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are a proven, cost-effective way of reducing the transmission of bloodborne viruses such as HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) among people who use drugs. They do not result in increased crime in neighbourhoods nor do they lead to drug use. Harm reduction, including NSPs, has been endorsed by Canadian federal, […]

Still underground: searching for progress in realizing the human rights of women in prostitution – HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(3)

In this article, Joanne Csete and Meena Saraswathi Seshu discuss the nature of human rights abuses faced by women in prostitution and describe impediments to reducing those abuses. The authors suggest measures that would help to advance the human rights of women in prostitution and to create an environment conducive to the realization of their […]

Stories of Community Mobilization

This report presents seven stories of community mobilization. They include: Improving Relations Between the GLBT Community and the Ottawa Police; Fighting to Keep Disability Benefits in Ontario; Addressing Barriers that Put Women in B.C. at Risk; Building a Sense of Connection, Belonging, and Esteem through the International Two-Spirit Gathering Movement; Fighting for a Supervised Injection […]

Submission to Court of Appeal of Jamaica in M. Tomlinson v. Television Jamaica Ltd. and CVM Television Ltd.

An appeal against the judgement of the Full Court of Jamaica delivered on November 12, 2013, in which the learned Justices dismissed the Appellant Maurice Tomlinson’s claim for constitutional redress brought against the 1st and 2nd Respondents, Television Jamaica Ltd. and CVM Television Ltd., respectively.

Submission to Global Affairs Canada: Human Rights Priorities for Canadian International Assistance

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network welcomes this opportunity to provide our perspectives on the government’s priorities for establishing an international assistance policy and funding framework. When International Development Minister Marie-Claude Bibeau took up her post in November 2015, she was tasked with leading Canada’s efforts to ‘provide humanitarian assistance to help reduce poverty and inequality in the world’ and […]

Submission to House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration re: ss. 172 and 173 of Budget Bill C-43 (period of residence)

“On behalf of the HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario (HALCO) and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network (Legal Network), please accept this brief recommending that sections 172 and 173 of Budget Bill C-43 be withdrawn.”

Submission to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada on Medical Inadmissibility

In Canada, people seeking permanent resident status or temporary residence as students or workers can be rejected on the basis of their HIV status due to the “excessive demand” provision of Canada’s laws governing medical inadmissibility. Relying on the purportedly neutral criteria of the cost of health services, this law renders any applicant who would […]

Submission to Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Pre-Inquiry Process

“We are pleased to see the new federal government’s commitment to recognizing the legacy of colonization on Indigenous peoples and its direct relationship to the widespread violence that Indigenous women suffer. We make this submission to urge the Inquiry to ensure the meaningful participation of Indigenous women who sell or trade sex and/or use drugs, […]

Submission to UN Women’s Consultation on Sex Work

“The Legal Network’s guiding values are rooted in a focus on the human rights of marginalized populations such as sex workers and their meaningful participation in policies and programs that affect them. We make this submission to UN Women to urge the agency to (1) engage in a transparent and inclusive consultation with sex workers […]

Submission to the Foreign Affairs Committee’s inquiry into the UK’s relations with Russia

“HRI, EHRN, ARF and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network welcome the opportunity to provide input to the Committee’s inquiry into the UK’s relations with Russia. We view this inquiry as a significant time to draw attention to the importance of prioritising health and human rights of Russian people who use drugs within the context of […]

Submission to the Global Commission on HIV and the Law re: Canada

1. Laws and practices that criminalize people living with HIV and vulnerable to HIV People who use drugs People in prison Sex workers Criminalization of HIV non-disclosure 2. Laws and practices that facilitate or impede HIV-related treatment access Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime

Submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology regarding Bill C-393

Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs Re: Bill C-37

“The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network has therefore welcomed the government’s introduction of Bill C-37 in December 2016 that would go some way toward remedying these deficiencies. “In keeping with the government’s stated commitment to harm reduction and to evidence-based policy, the Legal Network recommends two amendments to strengthen Bill C-37, with a view to ensuring […]

Submission to the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration on Medical Inadmissibility

“In Canada, people seeking permanent resident status or temporary residence as students or workers can be rejected on the basis of their HIV status due to the ‘excessive demand’ provision of Canada’s laws governing medical inadmissibility. “We recommend that the excessive demand provision be repealed, for the following reasons: The excessive demand provision is discriminatory. […]

Submission to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology on Proposed Government Amendments to Bill C-9, An Act to amend the Patent Act and the Food and Drugs Act

Submission to the Standing Committee on Industry, Science, and Technology from UNICEF Canada

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, 14th Session (2012) re: Review of Ukraine

For the last 3 years the Government of Ukraine has undertaken some positive steps in order to fulfill its international human rights obligations regarding HIV prevention among people who inject drugs, including children. At the same time the Government’s activities are inconsistent and often contradict each other nullifying the positive impacts. Recommendations to the Government […]

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Eighth Session (2010) re: Review of Armenia

This submission describes several key human rights priorities and provides recommendations for the Republic of Armenia to better respect, protect and fulfill human rights, consistent with its international legal obligations, in areas of particular relevance to effective response to HIV.

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Eighth Session (2010) re: Review of Kyrgyz Republic

This submission describes several key human rights priorities and provides recommendations for the Kyrgyz Republic to better respect, protect and fulfill human rights, consistent with its international legal obligations, in areas of particular relevance to effective response to HIV.   Related Publications Материал поданный в Рабочую группу по Универсальному периодическому обзору Совета ООН по правам […]

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Ninth Session (2010) re: Review of the Republic of Malawi

This submission describes key national human rights priorities and provides recommendations for the Government of Malawi to better respect, protect and fulfill human rights, consistent with its international legal obligations, in areas of particular relevance to an effective response to HIV. These priorities are: 1) women’s rights in relation to marital property and 2) the […]

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Seventh Session (2010) re: Review of Kazakhstan

This submission describes several key human rights priorities and provides recommendations for Kazakhstan’s Government to better respect, protect and fulfill human rights, consistent with its international obligations, in areas of particular relevance to an effective response to HIV.   Related Publications Материал поданный в Рабочую группу по Универсальному периодическому обзору Совета ООН по правам человека, […]

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Sixteenth Session (2012) re: Review of Russian Federation

This report is focused on the implementation of recommendations given to the Government of the Russian Federation by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) regarding access to HIV prevention, drug treatment and overdose prevention among people who inject drugs in the Russian Federation. We propose a number of recommendations that the UPR […]

Submission to the UN Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Tenth Session (2011) re: Review of Georgia