HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16 – May 2012

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 16 - May 2012
FEATURES – TREATMENT AS PREVENTION: ASSESSING THE HUMAN RIGHTS AND ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS

CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS

  • Federal government’s omnibus crime legislation becomes law
  • Alberta orders end to distribution of crack pipes in Calgary
  • New research demonstrates negative public health impact of criminalizing HIV non-disclosure
  • Painkiller medication OxyContin removed from shelves

In brief

  • Report recommends supervised drug injection sites in Toronto and Ottawa
  • New Brunswick to scale back methadone program
  • Alberta: cases of sexually transmitted infections decline

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS

  • Global Fund cuts threaten harm reduction efforts in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  • UN releases report on discriminatory practices against individuals based on sexual orientation and gender identity
  • United States: legislation introduced to end HIV criminalization
  • UN joint statement calls for closure of compulsory drug detention and rehabilitation centres
  • China: provinces to introduce real-name HIV testing
  • Russia orders NGO website shut down over harm reduction information
  • High burden of HIV disproportionally among female sex workers in low- and middle-income countries
  • Possible link between contraceptives and HIV transmission spurs international consultation
  • Report urges Chinese government to compensate HIV blood disaster victims

In brief

  • Criminalization of HIV: international civil society releases Oslo Declaration
  • United Kingdom no longer to charge undocumented migrants for HIV treatment
  • Malawi: new inheritance legislation includes rights-protecting provisions
  • United Kingdom removes ban on blood donations from men who have sex with men

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – CANADA

  • Supreme Court of Canada orders minister of health to exempt supervised injection site from criminal prohibition on drug possession
  • Ontario’s appellate court gives partial victory to sex workers
  • Federal Court dismisses application for judicial review of HIV-positive Mexican man
  • Federal Court dismisses Cameroonian woman’s application for humanitarian and compassionate relief
  • Federal Court grants HIV-positive Nigerian’s applications for judicial review
  • Ontario Court of Appeal recognizes new privacy tort
  • Federal Court dismisses case contesting religious freedom to produce and possess marijuana
  • Criminal law and cases of HIV transmission or exposure

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – INTERNATIONAL

  • Ukraine: doctor who provided opioid substitution therapy acquitted of drug trafficking
  • Kenya: ruling ensures access to generic HIV medicines
  • Chile: court upholds decision against health provider for revealing patient’s serostatus
  • U.S. Supreme Court dismisses privacy suit by HIV-positive pilot against government agencies
  • Criminal law and cases of HIV transmission or exposure

SPECIAL SECTION: HIV AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE UNITED STATES

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