HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(1) October 2010

HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 15(1) October 2010
FEATURE

CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS

  • HIV prevalence in prison is 15 times greater than in the community as a whole
  • New study puts forth HIV treatment as prevention
  • Keeping a common bawdy house becomes a “serious offence” under Criminal Code
  • Vaccine initiative money reallocated; emphasis placed on research and mother-to-child transmission
  • New legislation to improve Canada’s refugee system troubles advocates

In brief

  • Saskatchewan: HIV infection rate double the national average
  • Federal government’s Truth in Sentencing Act threatens to cost billions of dollars and increase prison population
  • HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis Parliamentary Caucus forms in Ottawa

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS

  • Bills in Uganda would infringe upon rights of homosexuals and people living with HIV/AIDS
  • Malawi: President pardons convicted same-sex couple
  • United States of America: Obama administration calls for an end to state criminalization of HIV transmission

In brief

  • Kenya: government to draft policy on HIV and injecting drug use
    Azerbaijan: new law on HIV includes harm reduction
  • Taiwan: government to introduce methadone treatment in prisons
  • Swaziland: prisoners to receive HIV testing and counselling
  • Uzbekistan: government criminalizes negligent HIV infection
  • China: hospital refuses to treat HIV-positive woman
  • Gay marriage legalized in Mexico City and in Argentina

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – CANADA

  • HIV-positive Haitian man’s application for immigration judicial review dismissed
  • BREAKING: Ontario court strikes down prostitution-related provisions of Criminal Code
  • Criminal law and cases of HIV transmission or exposure

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – INTERNATIONAL

  • Michigan judge rules that HIV-positive man not a bioterrorist
  • Gay asylum seekers win right to stay in United Kingdom
  • Criminal law and cases of HIV transmission or exposure

In brief

  • Zambia: court awards damages to two former military officers in mandatory HIV screening case
  • United States of America: HIV-positive man wins $1.25 million in a privacy case
  • Egypt: new pricing system threatens the availability of generic drugs
  • Kenya: court considers issue of access to affordable medicines
  • Namibia: HIV-positive women sue the government over forced sterilization
  • Kenya: two tuberculosis patients sentenced to prison

AIDS 2010: LAW, ETHICS AND HUMAN RIGHTS

  • The Vienna Declaration: a call for drug policy reform
  • HIV/AIDS and drug policy: a new approach for law enforcement
  • Policy advocacy for female injecting drug users in Eastern and Central Europe
  • Criminalization of HIV transmission or exposure: global extent, impact and the way forward
  • Criminalization of HIV transmission or exposure in eight Latin American countries
  • The impact of a state criminal HIV exposure law on residents living with HIV in the USA
  • Switzerland: exclusion of a healthcare professional because he was HIV-positive
  • Using the courts to secure positive law reform for women in Malawi
  • South Africa: Durban’s ante-natal clinic environment and its impact on a woman’s choice to test for HIV during pregnancy
  • Namibia: litigating the cases of sterilization without informed consent of HIV-positive women
  • Integrating sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV/AIDS in South Africa
  • Health consequences of pre-trial detention in Zambian prisons
  • Emerging human rights issues in China’s response to HIV/AIDS
  • Europe: securing legal protection against expulsion for HIV-positive migrants
  • New ILO standard on HIV rejects discrimination against HIV-positive workers
  • Zambian court issues groundbreaking decision concerning HIV testing without informed consent
  • Vulnerabilities and rights of migrant sex workers in Europe
  • Implications of PEPFAR’s anti-prostitution pledge for HIV prevention among organizations working with sex workers

SECOND ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON HIV/AIDS, LAW AND HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Introduction
  • Panel: Criminalization of HIV non-disclosure – new development and community responses
  • Panel: Overcoming exclusion – current research and legal issues in Canadian immigration policy for people living with HIV
  • Panel: Our bodies, our health – a more comprehensive understanding of maternal health and HIV
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