HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 9(2) August 2004

FEATURES

CANADIAN NEWS

  • Canada announces new funding for domestic and global fight against AIDS
  • Reports call for end to harms caused by Criminal Code prohibitions surrounding prostitution
  • Nova Scotia renews its HIV/AIDS strategy
  • Study highlights negative public health consequences of police crackdown on drug market
  • Health Canada considers dispensing medical marijuana through pharmacies

In brief

  • Montréal: Probe requested into police hiring practices
  • Québec: College issues statement on HIV testing for physicians
  • Statistics Canada plans to use blood and other samples to measure health trends
  • Alberta: “Blood Samples” act passes third reading

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

  • International News – 10 years on
  • Ghana: Capacity-building workshops for lawyers and judges
  • Comparative study of HIV/AIDS and human rights in Andean nations
  • Report documents human rights abuses of drug users in Thailand
  • The Philippines: HIV/AIDS, condoms, and human rights
  • Russian Federation: Battle not over in drug-law changes
  • Hungary: A fight every step of the way for voluntary, anonymous, and free tests
  • USA: Cirque du Soleil pays US$600,000 to end HIV discrimination complaint
  • Namibia: Policy adopted on HIV/AIDS and the education sector
  • Global: HIV/AIDS-related travel restrictions – UNAIDS/IOM statement and revision of International Health Regulations

GLOBAL ACCESS TO TREATMENT, VACCINES AND MICROBICIDES

  • Legal and ethical issues in microbicides research and development in Canada
  • Consumer groups call for ban on internet pharmacies
  • Therapeutic HIV vaccine trial launched in Canada

HIV/AIDS IN PRISONS

  • Correctional Service Canada to undertake Safer Tattooing Practices Initiative
  • Health care needs assessment of federal prisoners in Canada released
  • United Nations agencies release policy brief on reduction of HIV transmission in prisons
  • U.S. Judge: Inadequate medical care for HIV-positive prisoners is a violation of rights

Other developments

  • Québec: High rates of HIV and HCV in prisons
  • Canada: Study shows that incarceration is independently associated with syringe lending and borrowing
  • Canada: Does incarceration result in HIV treatment interruptions?
  • United States: Revised standards for health services in correctional institutions published
  • Ireland: Report reviews harm-reduction interventions
  • Russia: Study recommends improved and additional harm-reduction strategies, including prison needle exchange programs
  • Indonesia: Working committee on HIV/AIDS in prisons formed
  • United States: Jail to offer methadone treatment
  • United States: “Ex-prisoners are family too”
  • New resources

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – CANADA

  • Criminal law and HIV transmission/exposure: three new cases
  • Fear of persecution not adequate to claim refugee status

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – INTERNATIONAL

  • U.S.: Immigration court allows Zambian woman’s asylum claim based on HIV infection
  • Australia: Migration Review Tribunal waives medical inadmissibility criteria for two HIV-positive visa applicants
  • Botswana: Industrial Court tackles HIV testing in the workplace
  • India: Constitutional protection from discrimination in employment on the basis of HIV status affirmed in three cases
  • UK: Court of Appeal orders retrial in UK’s first HIV criminal transmission case
  • Australia: Supreme Court of Western Australia orders retrial in case of man convicted of infecting girlfriend with HIV

In brief

  • Spanish court rules that national HIV registry should be abolished
  • China: Damages awarded to husband of woman infected with HIV through blood transfusion

LAW ESSAY CONTEST

  • Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) v South Africa (Minister of Health): reflections on the right to health care in Canada
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