HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review 10(2) August 2005

FEATURES

CANADIAN DEVELOPMENTS

  • HIV disclosure no longer required on application form for temporary resident visa
  • Safer tattooing piloted in six federal prisons
  • Ottawa: City Council approves distribution of crack kits
  • Bill to export generic drugs comes into force
  • Recommendations published concerning non-disclosure of HIV status
  • Criminal charges laid in three new situations

In brief

  • Buprenorphine now approved for the treatment of opiate addiction
  • Saskatchewan: Mandatory “bodily substances” testing egislation passed
  • First evaluation of Vancouver safe injection facility
  • Officials in two Canadian cities express support for safe injection sites
  • New Brunswick: Sex education curriculum adds abstinence statement
  • New medical marijuana regulations approved
  • Minister announces new drug approval initiatives
  • Many HIV-positive people do not get enough to eat

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS

  • ABC in Uganda: success or subterfuge?
  • UN leadership and harm reduction: a rough road
  • United States: Funding restrictions threaten sex workers’ rights
  • Russian Federation: Going backwards on drug policy
  • India: New patent law may restrict access to HIV/AIDS treatments
  • Taiwan: AIDS NGOs fight to keep human rights law
  • Tenofovir trials raise ethical issues
  • U.S.: Developments in the treatment of HIV-positive prisoners in two states

In brief

  • Holland: Companies to offer life insurance to people living with HIV/AIDS
  • UK: Guidelines for liver transplants for HIV-positive people issued
  • UK: House Committee urges universal free HIV treatment
  • Nepal: Sexual minorities group facing possible ban
  • China: Alleged quarantine of HIV positive people in several provinces
  • Kenya: Free antiretrovirals distributed in prison
  • South Africa: Prison oversight body recommends permitting consensual sex between inmates
  • Australia: New free trade agreement with U.S. targets drug prices
  • Scotland: Executive proposes mandatory HIV testing for criminal suspects
  • Scottish Prison Service to halt mandatory drug testing

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – CANADA

  • Federal Court overturns negative Pre-Removal Risk Assessment of HIV-positive failed refugee claimant
  • Argentinean couple living with HIV denied Convention refugee status
  • Landlord found to have discriminated based on HIV status
  • Supreme Court finds settlement money attributable to past disability benefits taxable
  • Criminal law and HIV transmission/exposure: one new case
  • Court affirms that severance exclusion for workers with diabilities violates Charter

In brief

  • Tribunal finds Québec ministry’s refusal to cover HIV medication “not a serious question”
  • Red Cross pleads guilty to distributing tainted blood

HIV/AIDS IN THE COURTS – INTERNATIONAL

  • Australia: HIV-positive visa applicants successfully appeal refusals based on medical inadmissibility
  • UK: House of Lords upholds deportation order
  • Sweden’s compulsory confinement order declared a violation of liberty guarantee
  • UK: Legal action on needle exchange programs in prisons dismissed
  • Europe: Court declares admissible complaint about lack of medical assistance in Russian detention facility
  • South Africa: Book publisher ordered to pay damages for disclosing women’s HIV status
  • Criminal law and HIV transmission or exposure: four new cases

In brief

  • Australia: Refusal to provide tattooing services found not discriminatory
  • Japan: High Court upholds health official’s conviction on one charge, dismisses another
  • New Zealand: Woman denied compensation for exposure to HIV
  • China: Public health officials convicted of malpractice
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